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Magnetic Fields in the Solar System: Planets, Moons and Solar Wind Interactions
Lühr, H., Wicht, J., Gilder, S., Holschneider, M. (Eds.) (2018): Magnetic Fields in the Solar System: Planets, Moons and Solar Wind Interactions, (Astrophysics and Space Science Library; 448), Springer, 413 p.
ISBN: 978-3-319-64291-8 (Hardcover) ; 978-3-319-64292-5 (e-Book)
About this book This book addresses and reviews many of the still little understood questions related to the processes underlying planetary magnetic fields and their interaction with the solar wind. With focus on research carried out within the German Priority Program ”PlanetMag”, it also provides an overview of the most recent research in the field. Magnetic fields play an important role in making a planet habitable by protecting the environment from the solar wind. Without the geomagnetic field, for example, life on Earth as we know it would not be possible. And results from recent space missions to Mars and Venus strongly indicate that planetary magnetic fields play a vital role in preventing atmospheric erosion by the solar wind. However, very little is known about the underlying interaction between the solar wind and a planet’s magnetic field. The book takes a synergistic interdisciplinary approach that combines newly developed tools for data acquisition and analysis, computer simulations of planetary interiors and dynamos, models of solar wind interaction, measurement of ancient terrestrial rocks and meteorites, and laboratory investigations.
Earth's Magnetic Field: Understanding Geomagnetic Sources from the Earth's Interior and its Environment
Stolle, C., Olsen, N., Richmond, A.D., Opgenoorth, H. (Eds.) (2017): Earth's Magnetic Field: Understanding Geomagnetic Sources from the Earth's Interior and its Environment, (Space Sciences Series of ISSI; 60), Springer, 626 p.
About this book
This volume provides a comprehensive view on the different sources of the geomagnetic field both in the Earth’s interior and from the field’s interaction with the terrestrial atmosphere and the solar wind. It combines expertise from various relevant areas of geomagnetic and near Earth space research with the aim to better characterise the state and dynamics of Earth’s magnetic field. Advances in the exploitation of geomagnetic observations hold a huge potential not only for an improved quantitative description of the field source but also for a better understanding of the underlying processes and physics. Key is the separation of the field sources in the observations, especially, but not solely, during times of quiet geomagnetic conditions, when the most subtle geomagnetic effects can be identified and become significant. The collected articles are based on the current constellation of ground and space observations, and on state-of-the-art empirical models and physics-based simulations. Thus, it provides an in-depth overview over recent achievements, current limitations and challenges, and future opportunities in the field of geomagnetism and space sciences.
The Role of Halogens in Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Geochemical Processes
Harlov, Daniel E., Aranovich, Leonid (Eds.) (2017): The Role of Halogens in Terrestrial and Extraterrestrial Geochemical Processes : Surface, Crust, and Mantle, (Springer Geochemistry) Potsdam : Springer , 1029 p.
About this book
The book summarizes the knowledge and experiences concerning the role of halogens during various geochemical processes, such as diagenesis, ore-formation, magma evolution, metasomatism, mineralization, and metamorphism in the crust and mantle of the Earth. It comprises the role of halogens in other terrestrial worlds like volatile-rich asteroids, Mars, and the ice moons of Jupiter and Saturn. Review chapters outline and expand upon the basis of our current understanding regarding how halogens contribute to the geochemical/geophysical evolution and stability of terrestrial worlds overall.
Geoenergy Modeling III : Enhanced Geothermal Systems (2017)
Watanabe, N., Blöcher, G., Cacace, M., Held, S., Kohl, T. (2017): Geoenergy Modeling III: Enhanced Geothermal Systems, (SpringerBriefs in Energy), Cham : Springer International Publishing.
About this book
This tutorial presents the introduction of the open-source software OpenGeoSys (OGS) for enhanced geothermal reservoir modeling. The material is mainly based on several national training courses at the Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research—UFZ in Leipzig and the GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciencesin Potsdam, Germany, but also international training courses on the subject held in Guangzhou, China, in 2013. The Soultz-sous-Forêts case study was kindly provided by Sebastian Held and Thomas Kohl at the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT), Germany. This tutorial is also the result of a close cooperation within the OGS community (www.opengeosys.org). These voluntary contributions are highly appreciated.
The book contains general information regarding enhanced geothermal reservoir modeling and step-by-step model setup with OGS and the open-source mesh generation software MeshIt developed by Guido Blöcher and Mauro Cacace at GFZ. Two benchmark examples and two case studies are presented in detail.
This book is intended primarily for graduate students and applied scientists, whodeal with geothermal system analysis. It is also a valuable source of information for professional geoscientists wishing to advance their knowledge in numerical modeling of geothermal processes including thermal convection processes. As such, this book will be a valuable help in training of geothermal modeling.
There are various commercial software tools available to solve complex scientific questions in geothermics. This book will introduce the user to an open-source numerical software code for geothermal modeling which can even be adapted and extended based on the needs of the researcher.
This tutorial is the third volume in a series that will represent further applications of computational modeling in energy sciences.
10 Years Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System: Experiences, Lessons Learned and Outlook
Lauterjung, J., Letz, H. (Eds.) (2017): 10 Years Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System: Experiences, Lessons Learned and Outlook, Potsdam : GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, 69 p.
About this book
The German-Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (GITEWS) has been established after the devastating Tsunami in the Indian Ocean on December 26, 2004. It became an integral part of the Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (InaTEWS) providing sensor networks and core computational components. GITEWS follows an “end-to-end” approach to cover the complete warning chain from rapid hazard detection over decision support to capacity development of communities at risk and the implementation of disaster reduction measures. PROTECTS (Project for Training, Education and Consulting for Tsunami Early Warning Systems) followed GITEWS with its main focus on system refinements, capacity building, and elaborated training measures that covered all aspects of the GITEWS Project. This paper discusses the specific challenges of Tsunami Early Warning in Indonesia, describes recent developments in instrumentation and data analysis and summarizes the system performance over the past 5 years.
Mineral reaction kinetics: Microstructures, textures, chemical and isotopic signatures (2017)
Heinrich, W., Abart, R. (Eds.) (2017): Mineral reaction kinetics: Microstructures, textures, chemical and isotopic signatures, (EMU Notes in Mineralogy ; 16).
About this book
This volume accompanies an EMU School intended to bring contemporary research on mineral reaction kinetics to the attention of young researchers and to put it into the context of recent developments in related disciplines. A selection of topics, methods and concepts, which the contributors deem currently most relevant and instructive, is presented.
Wärmewende am Beispiel Quartier : Ein Beitrag zur Energiewende (2017)
Acksel, D., Huenges, E., Kastner, O. (Eds.) (2017): Wärmewende am Beispiel Quartier: Ein Beitrag zur Energiewende, Potsdam : Deutsches GeoForschungsZentrum GFZ, 56 p.
About this book
Energiewende ist Daseinsvorsorge. Eine erfolgreiche Energiewende benötigt eine Wärmewende! Innovationen, Demonstration und gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz spielen dabei eine Schlüsselrolle. Das „Zwanzig20-Forum Wärmewende“ entwickelt Strategien für den zukünftigen Einsatz von innovativen Technologien zur Realisierung der Wärmewende. Wir sind davon überzeugt, dass eine effiziente Wärmeversorgung urbaner Räume aus heimischen, regenerativen Energiequellen nicht nur möglich, sondern auch umsetzbar ist.
ICDP Primer - Planning, Managing, and Executing Continental Scientific Drilling Projects
Harms, U. (Ed.) (2017): ICDP Primer - Planning, Managing, and Executing Continental Scientific Drilling Projects, Potsdam : GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences, (Third Edition, September 2017), 126 p.
About this book
This brochure is designed for scientists and engineers of upcoming drilling projects and explains the key steps and important challenges in planning and executing continental scientific drilling.
Society - Water - Technology : A Critical Appraisal of Major Water Engineering Projects
Hüttl, R.F., Bens, O., Bismuth, C., Hoechstetter, S. (Eds.) Berlin : Springer, 2015 ISBN: 978-3-319-18970-3
About this book
This book presents the results of the Interdisciplinary Research Group "Society – Water – Technology" of the Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities. It describes interdisciplinary evaluation criteria for major water engineering projects (MWEPs) and portrays an application to the Lower Jordan Valley (Middle East) and the Fergana Valley (Central Asia). Both areas are characterised by transboundary conflicts, by challenges due to demographic and climate change and by political and societal pressures. Based on the findings, the book provides recommendations for science and political decisions makers as well as for international financing institutions. In addition, it outlines research gaps from an interdisciplinary perspective.