We investigate earthquake and volcano processes. How do earthquakes nucleate, rupture and interact, how do volcanic unrest develop and possibly lead to eruptions, how the hazard of earthquakes, volcanoes and tsunamis can be assessed and how to rapidly obtain and provide information on such extreme events after their occurrence? Our research helps to reduce risk from natural hazards as earthquakes and volcanoes.
We cover a unique set of skills and expertise in the fields of:
The GFZ Volcano Hazards team works on processes associated with volcanic unrest and eruptions. These are surface deformation, earthquakes, and gravity driven mass movements. By monitoring of active volcanoes the physical processes occurring before and during eruptions are investigated, such as the inflation or deflation of magma chambers, their geometric variations, mechanisms of dike intrusions, stress field changes in the crust, and complex interactions between volcanoes and the surrounding.