Section 2.1: Physics of Earthquakes and Volcanoes

Early-Warning and Rapid Impact Assessment with Real-time GNSS in the Mediterranean

The potential of deep geothermal energy in Europe will only be exploited in the future if demonstrations of energy production from deep geothermal energy are successful. lt is therefore crucial that a procedure is implemented before drilling the next deep well, which minimizes the risk of field exploration.

The management of the post mining regions in Europe is important issue for the safety and economic reasons. The PostMineQuake traits the most important hazard related to unexpected ground motion.

The aim of this project is to obtain a conceptual model of deep fluid pathways (both ancient magmatism and the modern hydrothermal system related to magma stored at depth) in the Eger Graben and the Cheb basin.

This project aims at developing a physics-based tool to forecast the location and time of a fissure eruption following magma propagation below the surface.

One major unresolved questions in magmatic geodynamics is the physical understanding of the complete sequence of melt ascent from the asthenospheric depth to shallow intrusions (crustal dykes): The physics of melt ascent within the asthenospher is usually described by two-phase flow of melt within a rock matrix.

NEWTON-g aims at developing a field-compatible gravity imager to constrain movements of subsurface fluids through collecting continuous images of the gravity field.

The project aims to investigate the processes which control the multi-scale seismicity of the Alps. We hypothesize that patterns of stress and motion can be quantified from the seismicity which is observed with unprecedented resolution by AlpArray. The observed seismicity will illuminate the structure of faults and their kinematics at depth, providing an important and unique link between surface deformation and deep processes.

VOLCAPSE is a ERC consolidator project awared to the T. R. Walter and his volcanotectonics group and volcano hazards group at the GFZ Potsdam, studying modes of volcano dome growth, collapse and coupled process by time-lapse imaging methods.

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