Geomagnetic Observatories

Since 1992 the GFZ has been operating the Adolf-Schmidt-Observatory for Geomagnetism in Niemegk. It offers a data series back to 1890 together with two predecessors. The Adolf-Schmidt-Observatory for Geomagnetism of GFZ in Niemegk operates and supports magnetic observatoris in several countries worldwide. The observatories contribute to the international INTERMAGNET programme, which provides globally distributed data nearly in real-time.

Over the recent years we have installed modern digital equipment at traditional observatories and established new observatories in remote locations in international collaborations. Most of them are already members of INTERMAGNET, where high data quality is required-

Since the long time a global network of geomagnetic observatories is the backbone of studies concerning the field sources in the Earth's core, ionosphere and magnetosphere. Moreover, the data are used for models and maps with practical applications, and the determination of magnetic activity indices for space weather monitoring.


Observatories operating by the GFZ

The Adolf-Schmidt-Observatory for Geomagnetism in Niemegk is operated by the GFZ since 1992. It belongs to Section 2.3, Geomagnetism. Further magnetig observatories are operated in international co-operations from here. The main objective of the observatory is to continuously measure the geomagnetic field, in order to study the dynamics of the Earth´s magnetic field and its interactions with System Earth. Since 1930, the observatory is located 50 km SW of Potsdam, ensuring the continuation of the measurements started in Potsdam in 1887.

The observatory data contributes to: 

The Niemegk observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET programm.

Location: Germany

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 52.07 N   Longitude: 12.68 E   Altitude: 78 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 51.84 N   Longitude: 97.71 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Absolute building
Absolute building in Wingst

The Geomagnetic Observatory Wingst (WNG) is operated as a remote station of the Niemegk Geomagnetic Observatory by GFZ since 2004. A cooperation exsited between the Bundesamt für Seeschifffahrt und Hydrographie (BSH) up to 2011. The observatory belonged to BSH up to 1999. At the Wingst Observatory, the geomagnetic field intensity and directions have been recorded since 1938 and indices of geomagnetic activity determined since 1944. For further informations to history ...

Location: Germany

Geographic Coordinates
Latitude: 53.74 N   Longitude: 09.07 E   Altitude: 50 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates
Latitude: 54.06 N   Longitude: 95.04 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Services

Table of the annual mean values of the Marineobservatorium Wilhelmshaven

Current and definitive data of the observatory you can receive from the World Data Centers for Geomagnetism.

The Wingst observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Publications:

Publications 1937-2004

Yearbooks 2000-2003

Yearbooks in pdf format of the Niemegk and Wingst observatories since the year 2000 (here only Wingst) are available.

Observatory
Observatory

The St. Helena Geomagnetic Observatory (SHE*) is run by the GFZ since the year 2007. The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory.
(* provisional identification)

Location: St. Helena

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 15.961 S     Longitude: 5.747 W     Altitude: 586 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 11.78 S       Longitude: 64.24 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request.

Absolute building
Absolute building

The Santa Maria Observatory (Azores) is run in co-operation of the GFZ, the Centre of Geophysics, Univsersity of Lisbon and the NAV Portugal since the year 2010.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory. The data are processed at Geomagnetic Observatory Niemegk.

(* provisional identification)

Location: Azores/Portugal

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 36.99 N   Longitude: 25.13 W   Altitude: 196 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 43.21 N   Longitude: 53.57 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request.

The Geomagnetische Observatory Tristan da Cunha was opened in October 2009 and is operated by the GFZ. The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory since 2009. The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Tristan da Cunha


Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: - 37.067 N   Longitude: 347.685 E   Altitude: 42 m  

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: -  41.35 N   Longitude: 67.20 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program.


Observatories operating in cooperation with other research institutions

Geomagnetic Observatory Villa Remedios (VRE*)
Observatory

The Villa Remedios Geomagnetic Observatory is run in co-operation of the University La Paz and the GFZ since the year 2000. The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory.
The data are processed at Geomagnetic Observatory Niemegk.
(* provisional identification)

Location: Bolivia

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude:  -16,77°    Longitude: -68,17°    Altitude: 3 950 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude:   7.33 S    Longitude: 4.43 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request.

Cooperation partner

Instituto de Investigaciones Fisicas
Universidad Mayor de San Andres

La Paz
Casilla 8635
Bolivia

T: +591 2279 2999
F: +591 2279 2622

Main building
Main building

The Panagyurishte Geomagnetic Observatory is run in co-operation of the National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography and the GFZ since the year 2005. The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory since 1937. The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Bulgaria

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 42.52 N   Longitude: 24.18 E    Altitude: 556 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 40.64 N   Longitude: 105.13 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program.

Cooperation partner

Geomagnetic Observatory
Panagyuriste
4500 Panagyurishte
Bulgaria

T: +359 2 979 3347
F: +359 2 971 3005

Observatory
Observatory

The Keetmanshoop Geomagnetic Observatory (KMH) is run in co-operation of the Hermanus Magnetic Observatory (HMO) and the GFZ since the year 2006. The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Namibia

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 26.53 S    Longitude: 18.10 E    Altitude: 1 065m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 26.15 S    Longitude: 85.36 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program.

Cooperation partner

Hermanus Magnetic Observatory
P.O. Box 32 Hermanus
Republic of South Africa

T: +27 (0) 28 312 1196
F: +27 (0) 28 312 2039

Absolute building
Absolute building

The Yakutsk Geomagnetic Observatory is run in co-operation of the Yu.G.Shafer Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Aronomy (IKFIA) and the GFZ since the year 2007.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory since 1931.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Russia

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 62.03 N   Longitude: 130.32 E   Altitude: 100 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 52.63 N   Longitude: 162.77 W

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program. 

Cooperation partner

Yu.G. Shafer Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Aeronomy (IKIA)
Sibirian Branch
Russian Academy of Sciences
Yakutsk
Russia

T: +7(411-2) 33-50-26
F: +7(411-2) 33-55-51

Absolute building
Absolute building

The Geomagnetic Observatory Magadan (MGD) is run in co-operation of the Institute of Cosmophysical Researches and Radio Wave Propagation (IKIR) and the GFZ since the year 2007.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory since 1966.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Russia

Geographic Coordinates
Latitude: 60.20 N    Longitude: 151.03 E    Altitude: 610 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates
Latitude: 52.36 N    Longitude: 146.11 W

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program.

Cooperation partner

Institut of Cosmophysical Researches and Radio Wave Propagation (IKIR)
Far Eastern Branch
Russian Academy of Sciences
Paratunka
Russia

T: +7 (41531) 33193, 33367
F: +7 (41531) 33718

Geomagnetic Observatory Alibag (ABG)
Main building

The Alibag Geomagnetic Observatory (ABG) is run in co-operation of the Indian Instiute of Geomagnetism and the GFZ since the year 2007.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: India

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 18.64 N    Longitude: 72.87 E    Altitude: 7 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 10.37 N    Longitude: 146.55 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program. 

Cooperation partner

Indian Institute of Geomagnetism
Kalamboli Highway
New Panvel
Navi Mumbai - 410 218
India

F: 0091 22 27480762

Main building
Main building

The Hyderabad Geomagnetic Observatory (HYB) is run in co-operation of the National Geophysical Research Institute and the GFZ since the year 2007. The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory. The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: India

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 17.41 N    Longitude: 78.56 E    Altitude: 500 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates Latitude:     8.65 N    Longitude: 151.89 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program.

Cooperation partner

National Geophysical Research Institute
Uppal Road
Hyderabad 500 007
India

Absolute building
Absolute building

The Geomagnetic Observatory Surlari of the Geological Survey of Romania is operated in cooperation with GFZ since 2009.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory since 1948.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Romania

Geographic Coordinates
Latitude: 44.68 N    Longitude: 26.25 E    Altitude: 84 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates
Latitude: 42.40 N    Longitude: 107.74 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program.

Cooperation partner

Observatorul Geofizic Surlari
8211 Moara Vlsiei - Ilfov
Romania

Absolute building
Absolute building

The Geomagnetic Observatory Paratunka/Petropavlovsk (PET) is run in co-operation of the Institute of Cosmophysical Researches and Radio Wave Propagation (IKIR) and the GFZ since the year 2009.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory since 1969.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Russia

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 52.97 N    Longitude: 158.25 E    Altitude: 50 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 46.03 N    Longitude: 138.00 W

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program.

Cooperation partner

Institut of Cosmophysical Researches and Radio Wave Propagation (IKIR)
Far Eastern Branch

Russian Academy of Sciences
Paratunka
Russia
T: +7 (41531) 33193, 33367
F: +7 (41531) 33718

Absolute building
Absolute building

The Geomagnetic Observatory Pantanal (PNL) is run in co-operation of the Observatório Nacional - MCT and the GFZ since the year 2012.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory.

* provisional identification

Location: Brazil

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 16.68 S    Longitude:  56.18 W   

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude:  6.97 S    Longitude:  15.48 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Cooperation partner

T: +55 21 3504 9286

Main building
Main building

The Geomagnetic Observatory Odessa (ODE) is run in co-operation of the Institute of Geophysics (IGP) of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the GFZ since the year 2013. The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory.

Location: Ukraine

Geographic Coordinates: 
Latitude: 46.78° N  Longitude: 30.88° E  

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 43.51 N   Longitude: 112.66 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data

Data are available on request.

Cooperation partner

Institut of Geophysics
National Academy of Sciens of Ukraine

Palladin av. 32
Kiev
Ukraine
Postcode 03680

Tel: +380 (44) 424-01-12
Fax: +380 (44) 450-25-20

The Geomagnetic Observatory Lombok (LOK*) is run in co-operation of the Fakulty of Engineering, Mataram University and the GFZ since the year 2014. The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory.

(* provisional identification)

Location: Indonesia

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude:  8.83 S   Longitude: 116.29 E  

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 18.65 S   Longitude: 171.13 W

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request.

Cooperation partner

Dr. Teti Zubaidah

Jurusan Elektro, Fakultas Teknik
Universitas Mataram
Jl. Majapahit 62
Mataram 83125
Lombok - Nusa Tenggara Barat
Indonesia

Phone +62 370-636126/
                       636755
Fax +62 370-636523

The Geomagnetische Observatory Vassouras (VSS) was established in 1915 and is operated by the Observatório Nacional - MCT and the GFZ since the year 2014. The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Brazil

Geographic Coordinates
Latitude: - 22.4 N   Longitude: 316.35 E   Altitude: 457.0 m  

Geomagnetic Coordinates
Latitude:  13.43 S  Longitude: 27.11 E   

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.  

Data:

Data are available on request.

Cooperation partner

Dr. Katia Pinheiro

Observatório Nacional - MCT
Rua Gal. José Cristino, 77
SãoCristóvão CEP:
20921-400 Rio de Janeiro
Brazil

T: +55 21 3504 9286

The Geomagnetic Observatory Neumayer Station III was opened by the Alfred-Wegener-Institute in 2009. GFZ is cooperating on data calibration and distribution.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continuously recorded at the observatory.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Antarctic

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 70° 41´ S   Longitude: 8° 17´W   Altitude: 40 m  

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude:  64.61 S   Longitude: 44.18 E   

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program. 

Alfred-Wegener-Institut
Helmholtz-Zentrum
für Polar- und Meeresforschung
Am Handelshafen 12
27570 Bremerhaven
Deutschland

T: +49 (0)471 4831-0
F: +49 (0)471 4831-1149

Contact

Jürgen Matzka
Group Leader
Dr. Jürgen Matzka
Geomagnetism
Lindenstr. 7
Building H 1 , Room 213
14823 Niemegk
+49 33843 624-18
Profile

Contact

Scientist
Dr. Achim Morschhauser
Geomagnetism
Profile