Geomagnetic Observatories

From its Adolf-Schmidt-Observatory for Geomagnetism in Niemegk , GFZ operates a number of geomagnetic observatories and observatory cooperation worldwide. Further observatories are operated or supported through national and international cooperation. In the following, you find a description of the in total 19 observatories. Their locations are marked in the map by red symbols.


Observatories operated by GFZ

The Adolf-Schmidt-Observatory for Geomagnetism in Niemegk is operated by GFZ since 1992. It belongs to Section 2.3, Geomagnetism. The observatory is located 50km SW of Potsdam. Since 1930 it continues the measurements, that started in Potsdam in 1890.

The Niemegk observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET programm.

Location: Germany

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 52.07 N     Longitude: 12.68 E   Altitude: 78 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 47.82 N     Longitude: 88.41 E

The geomagnetic coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

The Geomagnetische Observatory Tristan da Cunha was opened in October 2009 and is operated by the GFZ. The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Tristan da Cunha


Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 37.07 S     Longitude: 347.69 E   Altitude: 42 m  

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 41.39 S     Longitude: 50.20 E

The geomagnetic coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program.

Observatory
Observatory
(Observatory)

The Geomagnetic Observatory St. Helena (SHE) was set up in 2007 and is operated by GFZ. Data from 2010 onward is available at INTERMAGNET.

Location: St. Helena

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 15.961 S     Longitude: 5.747 W     Altitude: 586 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 28.14 S       Longitude: 64.26 E

The geomagnetic coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data:

Data are available on request.

Absolute building
Absolute building
(Absolute building)

The Santa Maria Observatory (Azores) is operated by GFZ and currently under construction.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory.

Location: Azores/Portugal

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 36.99 N   Longitude: 25.13 W   Altitude: 196 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 31.47 N   Longitude: 53.86 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data:

Data are available on request.

Absolute building
Absolute building in Wingst
(GFZ Potsdam)

The Geomagnetic Observatory Wingst (WNG) is operated as a remote station of the Niemegk Geomagnetic Observatory by GFZ since 2004.

The Wingst observatory is a member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Germany

Geographic Coordinates
Latitude: 53.74 N    Longitude: 09.07 E   Altitude: 50 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates
Latitude: 49.76 N    Longitude: 85.70 E

The geomagnetic coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.


Observatories in cooperation with other research institutions

Geomagnetic Observatory Alibag (ABG)
Main building
(Main building)

The Alibag Geomagnetic Observatory (ABG) is run in co-operation by the Indian Instiute of Geomagnetism and GFZ since the year 2007.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: India

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 18.64 N    Longitude: 72.87 E    Altitude: 7 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 12.89 N    Longitude: 146.09 E

The geomagnetic coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program. 

Cooperation partner

Indian Institute of Geomagnetism
Kalamboli Highway
New Panvel
Navi Mumbai
India

The Black Forest Observatory is located in South-West Germany. It started to operate as a geophysical observatory in 1971 with a short period seismometer and by December 1982 observations of the geomagnetic field variations were added. The observatory became member of the INTERMAGNET network in 2006. BFO is jointly operated by the Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the University of Stuttgart.

GFZ is responsible for data calibration and processing of the geomagnetic data.

Location: Black Forest, Wolfach, Germany

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude:  48.33 N   Longitude: 8.33 E  

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 43.46 N   Longitude: 83.96 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program and upon request.

Cooperation partner

Karsruhe Institute of Technology

Geodetic Institute

76128 Karlsruhe

Germany 

 

University of Stuttgart

Geodetic Institute

Geschwister-Scholl-Str. 24D

70174 Stuttgart

Germany

The geomagnetic observatory on Gan (Maldives) is operating since April 2011, and has been established in ccoperation by Gan Meteorological Office, ETH Zürich, DTU Space, and Charles University in Prague. It is member of the INTERMAGNET network since 2013, and GFZ joined the cooperation in 2018. GFZ is responsible for data calibration.

Location: Gan International Airport, Addu Atoll, Maldives

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 0.70 S   Longitude: 73.15 E    Altitude: 2m

Geomagnetic Coordinate:

Latitude: 8.55 S      Longitude:  145.74 E

The geomagnetic coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program, from koblizek.ethz.ch/pluck/, and upon request.

Cooperation partner

1) Maldives Meteorological

Service Gan Meteorological

Office Addu Atoll

Maldives

2) ETH Zürich

Institute of Geophysics

Zürich

Switzerland

3) Charles University

Department of Geophysics

Prague

Czech Republic

Observatory
Observatory
(Observatory)

The Keetmanshoop Geomagnetic Observatory (KMH) is run in co-operation of the SANSA Space Science Observatory (HMO) and GFZ since the year 2006. The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Namibia

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 26.53 S    Longitude: 18.10 E    Altitude: 1 065m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 37.19 S    Longitude: 87.35 E

The geomagnetic coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program.

Cooperation partner

SANSA Space Science
Hermanus
Republic of South Africa

Absolute building
Absolute building
(Absolute building)

The Geomagnetic Observatory Magadan (MGD) is run in co-operation by the Institute of Cosmophysical Researches and Radio Wave Propagation (IKIR) and GFZ since the year 2007.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory since 1966.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Russia

Geographic Coordinates
Latitude: 60.20 N    Longitude: 151.03 E    Altitude: 610 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates
Latitude: 54.47 N    Longitude: 138.54 W

The geomagnetic coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program.

Cooperation partner

Institut of Cosmophysical Researches and Radio Wave Propagation (IKIR)
Far Eastern Branch
Russian Academy of Sciences
Paratunka
Russia

Main building
Main building

The Geomagnetic Observatory Odessa (ODE) is run in co-operation of the Institute of Geophysics (IGP) of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the GFZ since the year 2013. The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory.

Location: Ukraine

Geographic Coordinates: 
Latitude: 46.78 N  Longitude: 30.88 E  

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 42.35 N   Longitude: 104.11 E

The geomagnetic coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data

Data are available on request.

Cooperation partner

Main building
Main building
(Main building)

The Panagyurishte Geomagnetic Observatory is run in co-operation of the National Institute of Geophysics, Geodesy and Geography and GFZ since the year 2005. The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory since 1937. The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Bulgaria

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 42.52 N   Longitude: 24.18 E    Altitude: 556 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 37.26 N   Longitude: 97.53 E

The geomagnetic coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program.

Cooperation partner

Geomagnetic Observatory
Panagyuriste
4500 Panagyurishte
Bulgaria

Absolute building
Absolute building
(Absolute building)

The Geomagnetic Observatory Paratunka/Petropavlovsk (PET) is run in co-operation by the Institute of Cosmophysical Researches and Radio Wave Propagation (IKIR) and GFZ since the year 2009.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory since 1969.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Russia

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 52.97 N    Longitude: 158.25 E    Altitude: 50 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 46.68 N    Longitude: 131.51 E

The geomagnetic coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program.

Cooperation partner

The Geomagnetic Observatory São Teotónio (STT) was founded in 2019 and is a cooperation between Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera (IPMA, Portugal) and GFZ. Geomagnetic field strength and direction are recorded continuously.

Location: Portugal

Geographic (geodetic) coordinates

Latitude 37.55 N    Longitude 351.27 E    Altitude: 115 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates

Latitude 30.44 N     Longitude 67.88 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data:

Data are available on request.

Cooperation partner

Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera

Rua C do Aeroporto

1749-077 Lisboa

Portugal

Absolute building
Absolute building
(Absolute building)

The Geomagnetic Observatory Surlari of the Geological Survey of Romania is operated in cooperation with GFZ since 2009.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory since 1948.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Romania

Geographic Coordinates
Latitude: 44.68 N    Longitude: 26.25 E    Altitude: 84 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates
Latitude: 39.81 N    Longitude: 99.60 E

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program.

Cooperation partner

Observatorul Geofizic Surlari
8211 Moara Vlsiei - Ilfov
Romania

The Geomagnetic Observatory Tristan da Cunha was opened in August 1957 by Observatório Nacional (www.on.br). It is operated in collaboration with GFZ since 2015. In 2019, the observatory was admitted to the INTERMAGNET program.

More information on the observatory is available from [https://doi.org/10.5194/gi-6-367-2017|Morschhauser et al., 2017].

Location: Tatuoca Belém, Pará, Brazil

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 1.21 S     Longitude: 311.49 E    Altitude: 10m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 1.57 S      Longitude: 24.05 E

The geomagnetic coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Cooperation partner

Observatório Nacional - MCT

Rua Gal. José Cristino, 77

Rio de Janeiro

Brazil

The Geomagnetic Observatory Neumayer Station III was opened by the Alfred-Wegener-Institute in 2009. GFZ is cooperating on data calibration and distribution.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continuously recorded at the observatory.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Antarctic

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 70.68 S     Longitude: 8.28 W       Altitude: 40 m  

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude:  64.61 S    Longitude: 44.18 E   

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-14 for 2020.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program. 

Alfred-Wegener-Institut
Helmholtz-Zentrum
für Polar- und Meeresforschung
Bremerhaven
Deutschland

The Geomagnetische Observatory Vassouras (VSS) was established in 1915 and is operated by the Observatório Nacional - MCT and GFZ since the year 2014. The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Brazil

Geographic Coordinates
Latitude: 22.4 S   Longitude: 316.35 E   Altitude: 457 m  

Geomagnetic Coordinates
Latitude:  13.43 S  Longitude: 27.11 E   

The geomagnetic Coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.  

Data:

Data are available on request.

Cooperation partner

Observatório Nacional - MCT
Rua Gal. José Cristino, 77
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil

Absolute building
Absolute building
(Absolute building)

The Yakutsk Geomagnetic Observatory is run in co-operation by the Yu.G.Shafer Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Aronomy (IKFIA) and GFZ since the year 2007.
The geomagnetic field intensity and directions are continously recorded at the observatory since 1931.
The observatory is member of the INTERMAGNET program.

Location: Russia

Geographic Coordinates:
Latitude: 62.03 N   Longitude: 130.32 E   Altitude: 100 m

Geomagnetic Coordinates:
Latitude: 52.63 N   Longitude: 162.77 W

The geomagnetic coordinates refer to IGRF-11 for 2010.

Data:

Data are available on request or over the INTERMAGNET program. 

Cooperation partner

Yu.G. Shafer Institute of Cosmophysical Research and Aeronomy (IKIA)
Sibirian Branch
Russian Academy of Sciences
Yakutsk
Russia

Contact

Jürgen Matzka
Group Leader
Dr. Jürgen Matzka
Geomagnetism
Lindenstr. 7
Building H 1, Room 213
14823 Niemegk
+49 33843 624-18
Profile

Contact

Scientist
Dr. Achim Morschhauser
Geomagnetism
Lindenstr. 7
Building H 1, Room 103
14823 Niemegk
+49 33843 624-14
Profile