Rifts provide a unique window into the geodynamic system of our planet and the processes that shape the surface of the Earth. The CRYSTALS project aims at a thorough understanding of continental rift dynamics and rifted margin formation by means of a comprehensive multi-scale numerical modelling design.
New paper accepted in GRL: "Breakup without borders: how continents speed up and slow down during rifting." Click here to for more info and downloads.
New paper published in Tectonophysics: "Crustal stretching style variations in the northern margin of the South China Sea." Click here to download.
New paper accepted in Global and Planetary Change: "Rift and plate boundary evolution across two supercontinent cycles." Click here to download.
New paper published in EPSL: "Sedimentary loading–unloading cycles and faulting in intermontane basins: Insights from numerical modeling and field observations in the NW Argentine Andes". Click here to download.
New paper published in Solid Earth: "Oblique rifting: the rule, not the exception." Click here for more info.
New paper on laboratory experiments and numerical models of strain localisation accepted in Tectonophysics: "High-temperature shear zone formation in Carrara marble: The effect of loading conditions". Click here to download.
We are happy to announce our new teaching module at the University of Potsdam “Modelling Dynamics and Structure of the Lithosphere”. There will be lectures and exercises every Thursday 14:15-15:45 and a block course from 11ht to 15th of February. Click here for more info.
We welcome new PhD student Derek Neuharth. Derek’s research topic is “Geodynamics of Continental Rifted Margin Formation – Numerical Modelling of Rift Processes from Localisation to Break-up”.
Congratulations to our Ethiopian colleague Ameha Muluneh who gained a TWAS-DFG fellowship with which he will visit us from January to April 2019. Ameha will work on "Rheology of Continental Rifting: A Multi-observational approach integrating geophysical, geological and geodynamic techniques" with a special focus on the Ethiopian Rift.
New article preprint online: Max's paper on strain localisation reproducing rheological experiments and beyond (Link to EarthArXiv);
Understanding rift dynamics through global mantle convection modelling
Ulvrova, M. M., Brune, S., & Williams, S. (2019). Breakup without borders: how continents speed up and slow down during rifting. Geophysical Research Letters, (in press). doi: 10.1029/2018GL080387 [More Info and Downloads]
Sedimentary loading–unloading cycles control deformation in intermontane basins
Ballato, P., Brune, S., and Strecker, M.R., 2019, Sedimentary loading–unloading cycles and faulting in intermontane basins: Insights from numerical modeling and field observations in the NW Argentine Andes: Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 506, p. 388–396, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2018.10.043, [Link to Paper].
A global census of rift obliquity since Pangea fragmentation
Brune, S., Williams, S.E., and Müller, R.D., 2018, Oblique rifting: the rule, not the exception: Solid Earth, v. 9, p. 1187–1206, doi:https://doi.org/10.5194/se-9-1187-2018. [More Info and Downloads]
Laboratory experiments and numerical models of strain localisation in ductile shear zones
Nardini, L., Rybacki, E., Döhmann, M.J.E.A., Morales, L.F.G., Brune, S., and Dresen, G., 2018, High-temperature shear zone formation in Carrara marble: The effect of loading conditions: Tectonophysics, [Link to Paper].
Nonlinear viscoplasticity in ASPECT
Glerum, A., Thieulot, C., Fraters, M., Blom, C., and Spakman, W. (2018), Nonlinear viscoplasticity in ASPECT: benchmarking and applications to subduction. Solid Earth, v. 9, p. 267–294 [Link to Paper].
Forces within rifts
Brune, S., (2018), Forces within continental and oceanic rifts: Numerical modeling elucidates the impact of asthenospheric flow on surface stress, Geology, v. 46, p. 191–192, doi: 10.1130/focus022018.1. [Link to Paper]
A connection between rifting and climate
Brune, S., Williams, S.E., and Müller, R.D. (2017): Potential links between continental rifting, CO2 degassing and climate change through time, Nature Geoscience, doi: 10.1038/s41561-017-0003-6 [Link to Paper].
Rift Linkage Modelling in East Africa
Brune, S., Corti, G., and Ranalli, G. (2017) Controls of inherited lithospheric heterogeneity on rift linkage: Numerical and analogue models of interaction between the Kenyan and Ethiopian rifts across the Turkana depression: Tectonics, p. 2017TC004739, doi: 10.1002/2017TC004739. [More Info, Animations, and Downloads]
Rifted Margin Architecture and Crustal Rheology
Brune, S., Heine, C., Clift, P.D., and Pérez-Gussinyé, M., 2017, Rifted margin architecture and crustal rheology: Reviewing Iberia-Newfoundland, central South Atlantic, and South China sea: Marine and Petroleum Geology, 79, 257–281, doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2016.10.018. [More Info, Animations, and Downloads]
Abrupt plate accelerations due to rifting
Brune, S., Williams, S.E., Butterworth, N.P., Müller, R.D. (2016): Abrupt plate accelerations shape rifted continental margins: Nature, 536 (7615), 201–204, doi:10.1038/nature18319. [More Info, Animations, and Downloads]
Numerical Models on Centimetre-Scale
Cyprych, D., Brune, S., Piazolo, S., Quinteros, J. (2016): Strain localization in polycrystalline material with second phase particles: Numerical modeling with application to ice mixtures: Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, doi:10.1002/2016GC006471. [Link to Paper]
Brune, S. (2016): Rifts and rifted margins: A review of geodynamic processes and natural hazards. Invited Review Paper in Geophysical Monograph, 219 “Plate Boundaries and Natural Hazards”, Duarte and Schellart (Eds.), AGU/Wiley Publishing. [Link to Paper]
2016 - 2021
Manfred Strecker, Henry Wichura, Simon Riedl (Institut für Erd- und Umweltwissenschaften, Universität Potsdam)
Simon Williams, Dietmar Müller (EarthByte Group, University of Sydney, Australia)
Giacomo Corti (Florence University, Italy)