Dr. Thais Couasnon

Thais Couasnon
Dr. Thais Couasnon
Wissenschaftlerin
Telegrafenberg
Gebäude A 71, Raum 224
14473 Potsdam
thais.couasnon@gfz-potsdam.de

Funktion und Aufgaben:

Postdoctoral researcher in Interface Geochemistry (section 3.5), GeoForshungZentrum

Wissenschaftliche Interessen:

  • Development of Liquid-Phase TEM for geochemical research
  • Mechanisms of mineral formation and transfomation, implication of reactive oxygen species

Karriere:

November 2019 - present: Postdoctoral researcher in Interface Geochemistry (section 3.5), GeoForshungZentrum

Werdegang / Ausbildung:

  • Ph. D.: Earth sciences (2015-2018)
    At Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris and Université Paris Diderot, France. Doctorate thesis: «  Role of reactive oxygen species and bacterial exopolymeric substances in the manganese biomineralization process ». Advisors: Alexandre Gélabert and Bénédicte Ménez
  • M. sc.:Chemistry, Material sciences (2013-2015)

    At Ecole Normale Supérieure Ulm & Université Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris VI, Paris, France
    Master
    thesis: « Lead precipitation in a biofilm of Shewanellaoneidensis»

Projekte:

The influence of radiolytically-formed Reactive Oxygen Species in mineral transformation in Liquid-Phase Transmission Electron Microscopy


Liquid phase transmission electron microscopy (LPTEM) allows in situ observations of the dynamic behaviour of materials in liquids with both high spatial resolution and temporal resolution. One of the main drawbacks of this technique comes from the interaction of the incident electron with the water molecules constituting the solvent of the liquid cell. The water molecules initially decompose into reactive species such as hydrated electron eh, hydrogen radical H, hydroxyl radical OH, or hydrogen gas H2. All of these species diffuse to the surrounding liquid and can lead to further reactions with water molecules or with the target sample.
This project aims at following the electron beam induced dissolution of goethite minerals to better assess the potential radiation damages involved with the in-situ imaging of iron oxide and understand associated kinetics.

The influence of environmentally relevant concentrations of Reactive Oxygen Species on mineral transformations

In surface environments, many chemical species are present in very low abundance and are thus considered insignificant in many biogeochemical processes
. However, for some of these species, their low concentrations are solely due to their rapid rates of production and simultaneous consumption. These species are thus transient and short-lived but they can play a crucial effect in many global biogeochemical element cycles.

Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are among the most reactive transient species present in a wide range of environments. Theyinclude radical species such as superoxide O2·-, hydroxyl OH· and hydroperoxyl HO2· radicals as well as non-radical species like hydrogen peroxide H2O2, singlet oxygen 1O2, and ozone O3. All of these species are produced through both abiotic and biogenic reaction pathways. As a result, an increasing number of studies report ROS concentrations in natural waters ranging from 10-18 to 10-12 M for hydroxylradical, 10-12 to 10-9 M for superoxide anion, and 10-10 to 10-7 M for hydrogen peroxide.

 

This project aims at unraveling the influence of environmentally relevant concentration of ROS is investigated on magnetite minerals FeIIFeIII2O4 transformation into maghemite FeIII2O3. Magnetite is a mixed-valent iron mineral, and thus it cangreatly influence the cycle of metals and organic carbon. It plays an important role the regulating the mobility, toxicity, and redox transformation of organic and inorganic pollutants in terrestrial environments through its redox control.

Auszeichnungen:

2021: Successfulsynchrotron proposal to obtain 2 days of beamtime of EXAFS at P65, DESY synchrotron, Hamburg, Allemagne
2017: International mobilitygrant Université Sorbone Paris Cité, 3000euros
2017: Successfulsynchrotron proposal to obtain 5 days of beamtime of STXM at HERMES, SOLEIL synchrotron, France
2015: Ph. D grant from ministerial scholarship

Publikationen