Section 2.1: Physics of Earthquakes and Volcanoes

The aim of this project is to obtain a conceptual model of deep fluid pathways (both ancient magmatism and the modern hydrothermal system related to magma stored at depth) in the Eger Graben and the Cheb basin.

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In this project, we will reveal how a volcano’s shape (e.g. stratovolcano vs. caldera) and growth history influences the depth and construction of magma storage.

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This project aims at developing a physics-based tool to forecast the location and time of a fissure eruption following magma propagation below the surface.

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One major unresolved questions in magmatic geodynamics is the physical understanding of the complete sequence of melt ascent from the asthenospheric depth to shallow intrusions (crustal dykes): The physics of melt ascent within the asthenospher is usually described by two-phase flow of melt within a rock matrix.

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NEWTON-g aims at developing a field-compatible gravity imager to constrain movements of subsurface fluids through collecting continuous images of the gravity field.

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The project aims to investigate the processes which control the multi-scale seismicity of the Alps. We hypothesize that patterns of stress and motion can be quantified from the seismicity which is observed with unprecedented resolution by AlpArray. The observed seismicity will illuminate the structure of faults and their kinematics at depth, providing an important and unique link between surface deformation and deep processes.

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The European Plate Observing System (EPOS) aims at creating a pan-­‐European infrastructure for solid Earth science to support a safe and sustainable society. The mission of EPOS is to integrate the diverse and advanced European Research Infrastructures for solid Earth Science relying on new e‐science opportunities to monitor and unravel the dynamic and complex Earth System such as earthquakes and volcanic eruptions.

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The HGF Alliance “Remote Sensing and Earth System Dynamics” aims at the development and evaluation of novel bio/geo-physical information products derived from data acquired by a new generation of remote sensing satellites.

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VOLCAPSE is a ERC consolidator project awared to the T. R. Walter and his volcanotectonics group and volcano hazards group at the GFZ Potsdam, studying modes of volcano dome growth, collapse and coupled process by time-lapse imaging methods.

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