HelTec - Helmholtz Laboratory for Tectonic Modelling

Simulating geodynamic processes is a challenging task because of the non-linearity and scale dependence of most associated processes. A great challenge is the multispectral character of lithosphere deformation ranging from earthquake rupture (seconds) to fault zone evolution (Millions of years).

Recent advances in experimental techniques like high resolution monitoring and complex analogue rheologies made it possible to develop models simulating deformation on all relevant timescales with high spatial resolution. We follow an integrated modelling approach involving structural-kinematic modelling, analogue experiments and numerical simulations.

We are a member of the European Plate Observing System EPOS, the European Training Networks TOPOMOD and SUBITOP, the Helmholtz Graduate School GEOSIM, the DFG-Collaborative Research Center SFB1114 “Scaling Cascades in Complex Systems” as well as the DFG Cluster of Excellence MATH+

In the year 2014 we hosted the GEOMOD conference at GFZ Potsdam and edited the corresponding Tectonophysics special issue.

Please find an introductory text to our lab here.

Our lab facility consists of four basic components:

1) The Analogue rock physics lab featuring all kind of experimental devices for measuring rock analogue materials’ properties including friction, elasticity, viscosity etc.

2) The Analogue modelling lab featuring a suite of customizable deformation devices for simulating (seismo)tectonic and other geological processes

3) The Experimental monitoring lab providing the means of quantifying deformation in analogue models and experiments using cutting-edge high-resolution digital image correlation methods, force and pressure sensors, piezo and MEMS accelerometers etc.

4) The Numerical simulation and analysis lab allowing to cross-validate and analyse in great detail the models and experiments using state-of-the-art numerical simulation and data analysis tools

Rock analogue materials
Rheometer (Anton Paar MCR)
SEM imaging
Ring shear tester (Schulze)
Axial tester
  • Rheometry
  • Viscosimeter
  • Ring-shear tester
  • Axial tester
  • SEM imaging
  • Sonic/Ultrasonic probing
Sandbox rheometry
Thermomechanical model
Graben (extension)
Setup with monitoring
Fragmentation (landslide) experiment
Impact relaxation
Vice setup
  • Sandbox standards (compression, extension, strike-slip)
  • Vice setup (pure shear)
  • Gravitational/isostatic flow
  • Intrusion
  • Impact
  • Custom mades
Camera setup
Dynamic digital elevation model of sandwedge
Highspeed camera
InSAR emulation of experimental subduction megathrust earthquake
Strain increment of experimental fault stepover evolution
Deformation increment during slap breakoff experiment
MEMS accelerometer
Analogue seismogram and spectrogram of experimental landslide
Force sensors
Multipectral stick-slip cycles
Shear cuves of strain localization in sand
Digital elevation model of experimental pluton
  • Digital image correlation
  • Force/pressure sensors
  • MEMS accelerometers
  • Piezotransducers

HelTec Projects

Current projects:

  • Seismogenic fault networks (DFG SFB1114 B01 M. Rudolf)
  • Earthquake synchronization (OSF Dr. M. Rosenau)
  • Subduction zone seismotectonics (H2020 SUBITOP ESR11 PHD E. Kosari)
  • EPOS - European Plate Observing System Thematic Core Service Multi-scale Laboratories(H2020, Dr. M. Warsitzka)
  • Suspension flows (DFG MATH+ Dr. M. Rosenau)

Theses & fellowships:

HelTec Data

Zwaan et al. (2018): Ring-shear test data of quartz sand from the Tectonic Modelling Lab of the University of Bern (CH). GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/fidgeo.2018.028

Zwaan et al. (2018): Rheology of PDMS-corundum sand mixtures from the Tectonic Modelling Lab of the University of Bern (CH). GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/fidgeo.2018.023

Willingshofer et al. (2018): Ring-shear test data of plastic sand, a new rock analogue material used for experimental Earth Science applications at Utrecht University, The Netherlands. V. 1. GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/fidgeo.2018.022

Ritter et al. (2017): Supplement to: Growing Faults in the Lab: Insights int the Scale Dependence of the Fault Zone Evolution Process. GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.4.1.2017.004

Ritter et al. (2017): Supplement to: Sandbox Rheometry: Co-Evolution of Stress and Strain in Riedel- and Critical Wedge-Experiments. GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.4.1.2017.001

Rosenau et al. (2016): Supplement to "Analogue earthquakes and seismic cycles: Experimental modelling across timescales". GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.4.1.2016.008

Ritter et al. (2016): Supplement to: Scaling the Sand Box - Mechanical (Dis-) Similarities of Granular Materials and Brittle Rock. GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.4.1.2016.005

Reiter et al. (2016): Supplementary material for analogue experiments on the interactions of two indenters, and their implications for curved fold-and-thrust-belts. GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.4.1.2016.007

Rudolf, M. et al. (2016): Supplement to: Rheological benchmark of silicone oils used for analog modeling of short- and long-term lithospheric deformation. GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.4.1.2016.001

Klinkmüller et al. (2016): GeoMod2008 materials benchmark: The axial test dataset. GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.4.1.2016.006

Klinkmüller et al. (2016): GeoMod2008 materials benchmark: The ring shear test dataset. GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.4.1.2016.002

Klinkmüller et al. (2016): GeoMod2008 materials benchmark: The SEM image dataset. GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.4.1.2016.004

Klinkmüller et al. (2016): GeoMod2008 materials benchmark: The sieve dataset. GFZ Data Services. http://doi.org/10.5880/GFZ.4.1.2016.003

HelTec Publications

*Guest publications (studies supported by access to or services by HelTec infrastructure)


Rudolf, M., Rosenau, M., & Oncken, O. (2017). Interseismic deformation transients and precursory phenomena: Insights from stick-slip experiments with a granular fault zone. earthArXiv, https://dx.doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/6MWRX

Rosenau, M., Horenko, I., Corbi, F., Rudolf, M., Kornhuber, R., & Oncken, O. (2017). Synchronization of great subduction megathrust earthquakes: Insights from scale model analysis. earthArXiv, https://dx.doi.org/10.17605/OSF.IO/PQ2U3



Li. S., et al. (2018): Spatiotemporal variation of mantle viscosity and the presence of cratonic mantle inferred from eight years of postseismic deformation following the 2010 Maule Chile earthquake, Geochem. Geophys. Geosys. , https://doi.org/10.1029/2018GC007645

Albert, F., N. Kukowski, A. Tassara, and O. Oncken (2018): Material transfer and subduction channel segmentation at erosive continental margins: Insights from scaled analogue experiments, Tectonophysics, 749, 46-61, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2018.10.019

Ritter, M.C., M. Rosenau, O. Oncken (2018): Growing Faults in the Lab: Insights into the Scale Dependence of the Fault Zone Evolution Process, Tectonics, doi: 10.1002/2017TC004787

Ritter, M.C., T. Santimano, M. Rosenau, K. Leever, O. Oncken (2018): Sandbox rheometry: Co-evolution of stress and strain in Riedel– and Critical Wedge–experiments, Tectonophysics, Volume 722, 2 January 2018, Pages 400-409, ISSN 0040-1951, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2017.11.018.


Corbi F., F. Funiciello, S. Brizzi, S. Lallemand, and M. Rosenau (2017), Control of asperities size and spacing on seismic behavior of subduction megathrusts, Geophys. Res. Lett., 44, doi: 10.1002/2017GL074182.

Rosenau, M., F. Corbi, S. Dominguez (2017): Analogue earthquakes and seismic cycles: Experimental modelling across timescales, Solid Earth, doi: 10.5194/se-2016-165.

Li, S., M. Moreno, J. Bedford, M. Rosenau et al. (2017): Postseismic uplift of the Andes following the 2010 Maule earthquake: Implications for mantle rheology, Geophys. Res. Lett., doi.: 10.1002/2016GL071995.

*Aschauer, J., Kenkmann, T. (2017): Impact cratering on slopes, Icarus, Volume 290, Pages 89-95, ISSN 0019-1035, doi.: 10.1016/j.icarus.2017.02.021.

*de Zeeuw-van Dalfsen, E., Richter, N., González, G., Walter, T.R., (2017): Geomorphology and structural development of the nested summit crater of Láscar Volcano studied with Terrestrial Laser Scanner data and analogue modelling, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 329, 1-12, doi.: 10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2016.09.018.


Rosenau, M., Leever, K., and Oncken, O. (2016): Experimental Tectonics: Convergent Plate Margins, Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Sciences, doi.: 10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.09497-5.

Ritter, M., K. Leever, M. Rosenau, and O. Oncken (2016): Scaling the Sand Box - Mechanical (Dis-) Similarities of Granular Materials and Brittle Rock, J. Geophys. Res - Solid Earth, doi.: 10.1002/2016JB012915.

Haug, Ø.T., Rosenau, M., Leever, K. and Oncken, O. (2016): On the Energy Budgets of Fragmenting Rockfalls and Rockslides: Insights from Experiments, J. Geophys. Res. - Earth Surface, doi: 10.1002/2014JF003406.

Leever, K., and O. Oncken (2016), GeoMod 2014 – Modelling in geoscience, Tectonophysics, 684, 1-3, doi.: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.06.034.

Díaz-Azpiroz, M., Brune, S., Leever, K., Fernández, C., Czeck, D. M. (2016): Tectonics of oblique plate boundary systems. Tectonophysics, doi.: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.07.02.

*Zwaan, F., G. Schreurs, J. Naliboff, S.J.H. Buiter (2016): Insights into the effects of oblique extension on Continental rift interaction from 3D analogue and numerical models. Tectonophysics, doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.02.036.

Schreurs, G. et al. (2016), Benchmarking analogue models of brittle thrust wedges, J. Struct. Geol., doi: 10.1016/j.jsg.2016.03.005.

Klinkmüller, M., G. Schreurs, M. Rosenau, and H. Kemnitz (2016), Properties of granular analogue materials: A community wide survey, Tectonophysics, 666, doi.: 10.1016/j.tecto.2016.01.017.

Pipping, E., R. Kornhuber, M. Rosenau, O. Oncken (2016), On the efficient and reliable numerical solution of rate-and-state friction problems, Geophys. J. Int., 204 (3), 1858-1866, doi.: 10.1093/gji/ggv512.

Rudolf, M., D. Boutelier, M. Rosenau, et al. (2016), Rheological benchmark of silicone oils used for analog modeling of short- and long-term lithospheric deformation, Tectonophysics, 666, doi.: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.11.028.


Santimano, T., M. Rosenau, and O. Oncken (2015), Intrinsic versus extrinsic variability of analogue sand-box experiments - Insights from statistical analysis of repeated accretionary sand wedge experiments, Journal of Structural Geology, 75, 80-100, doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2015.03.008.

Di Giuseppe, E., F. Corbi, F. Funiciello, A. Massmeyer, T. N. Santimano, M. Rosenau, and A. Davaille (2015), Characterization of Carbopol hydrogel rheology for experimental tectonics and geodynamics, Tectonophysics, 642, 29-45, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2014.12.005.

Li, S., M. Moreno, J. Bedford, M. Rosenau, and O. Oncken (2015), Revisiting viscoelastic effects on interseismic deformation and locking degree: A case study of the Peru-North Chile subduction zone, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 120(6), 4522-4538, doi:10.1002/2015jb011903.

Warsitzka, M., Kley, J., and N. Kukowski (2015), Analogue experiments of salt flow and pillow growth due to basement faulting and differential loading, Solid Earth, 6, 9-31, doi:10.5194/se-6-9-2015.


Haug, Ø.T., Rosenau, M., Leever, K. and Oncken, O., 2014. Modelling Fragmentation in Rock Avalanches. In: Landslide Science for a Safer Geoenvironment Volume 2: Methods of Landslide Studies, K. Sassa, P. Canuti, Y. Yin (eds.), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 93-100, doi.: 10.1007/978-3-319-05050-8_16.

Boutelier, D., O. Oncken, and A. R. Cruden (2014), Trench-parallel shortening in the forearc caused by subduction along a seaward-concave plate boundary: Insights from analogue modelling experiments, Tectonophysics, 611, 192-203, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2013.11.028.

*Le Corvec, N., T. R. Walter, J. Ruch, A. Bonforte, and G. Puglisi (2014), Experimental study of the interplay between magmatic rift intrusion and flank instability with application to the 2001 Mount Etna eruption, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 119(7), 5356-5368, doi:10.1002/2014jb011224.

*Kervyn, M., B. v. W. de Vries, T. R. Walter, M. S. Njome, C. E. Suh, and G. G. J. Ernst (2014), Directional flank spreading at Mount Cameroon volcano: Evidence from analogue modeling, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 119(10), 7542-7563, doi:10.1002/2014jb011330.

Leever, K., O. Galland and V. Acocella (2014), The Science Behind Laboratory-Scale Models of the Earth, Eos Trans. AGU, 95(3), 30 doi: 10.1002/2014EO030008.

Li, S., M. Moreno, M. Rosenau, D. Melnick, and O. Oncken (2014), Splay fault triggering by great subduction earthquakes inferred from finite element models, Geophysical Research Letters, 41(2), 385-391, doi:10.1002/2013gl058598.


Bedford, J., M. Moreno, J.C. Baez, D. Lange, F. Tilmann, M. Rosenau et al. (2013), A high-resolution, time-variable afterslip model for the 2010 Maule Mw = 8.8, Chile megathrust earthquake, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 383, p. 26-36, doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2013.09.020.

Boutelier, D., and A. Cruden (2013), Slab rollback rate and trench curvature controlled by arc deformation, Geology, 41(8), 911-914, doi:10.1130/g34338.1.

*Holohan, E. P., T. R. Walter, M. P. J. Schoepfer, J. J. Walsh, B. v. W. de Vries, and V. R. Troll (2013), Origins of oblique-slip faulting during caldera subsidence, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 118(4), 1778-1794, doi:10.1002/jgrb.50057. 

Krawczyk, C. M., M. L. Buddensiek, O. Oncken, and N. Kukowski (2013), Seismic imaging of sandbox experiments - laboratory hardware setup and first reflection seismic sections, Solid Earth, 4(1), 93-104, doi:10.5194/se-4-93-2013.

Warsitzka, M., J. Kley, and N. Kukowski (2013), Salt diapirism driven by differential loading - Some insights from analogue modelling, Tectonophysics, 591, 83-97, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2011.11.018.


Boutelier, D., O. Oncken, and A. C. T. Cruden (2012), Fore-arc deformation at the transition between collision and subduction: Insights from 3-D thermomechanical laboratory experiments, Tectonics, 31(2), doi:10.1029/2011TC003060.

Moreno, M., D. Melnick, D., M. Rosenau et al. (2012), Toward understanding tectonic control on the Mw 8.8 2010 Maule Chile earthquake, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 321-322, p. 152-165.http://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2012.01.006.

Schurr, B., G. Asch, M. Rosenau et al. (2012), The 2007 M7.7 Tocopilla northern Chile earthquake sequence: Implications for along-strike and downdip rupture segmentation and megathrust frictional behavior, Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, B5, doi.org/10.1029/2011JB009030.

*Baba, H. O., and S. Peth (2012), Large scale soil box test to investigate soil deformation and creep movement on slopes by Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), Soil & Tillage Research, 125, 38-43, doi:10.1016/j.still.2012.05.021.


Moreno, M., D. Melnick, M. Rosenau, et al. (2011), Heterogeneous plate locking in the South-Central Chile subduction zone: Building up the next great earthquake, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 305, 3-4, p. 413-424, doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2011.03.025.

Boutelier, D., and O. Oncken (2011), 3-D thermo-mechanical laboratory modeling of plate-tectonics: modeling scheme, technique and first experiments, Solid Earth, 2(1), 35-51, doi:10.5194/se-2-35-2011.

Contardo, X. J., N. Kukowski, and J. M. Cembrano (2011), Material transfer and its influence on the formation of slope basins along the South Central Chilean convergent margin: Insights from scaled sandbox experiments, Tectonophysics, 513(1-4), 20-36, doi:10.1016/j.tecto.2011.09.016.

Reiter, K., N. Kukowski, and L. Ratschbacher (2011), The interaction of two indenters in analogue experiments and implications for curved fold-and-thrust belts, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 302(1-2), 132-146, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.12.002. 


Moreno, M., M. Rosenau, and O. Oncken (2010), 2010 Maule earthquake slip correlates with pre-seismic locking of Andean subduction zone. - Nature, 467, 7312, p. 198-202, doi.org/10.1038/nature09349.

Boutelier, D. A., and O. Oncken (2010), Role of the plate margin curvature in the plateau buildup: Consequences for the central Andes, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 115, 17, B04402, doi: 10.1029/2009jb006296.

Rosenau, M., R. Nerlich, S. Brune, and O. Oncken (2010), Experimental insights into the scaling and variability of local tsunamis triggered by giant subduction megathrust earthquakes, Journal of Geophysical Research, 115(B9), doi:10.1029/2009jb007100.

*Burchardt, S., and T. R. Walter (2010), Propagation, linkage, and interaction of caldera ring-faults: comparison between analogue experiments and caldera collapse at Miyakejima, Japan, in 2000, Bulletin of Volcanology, 72(3), 297-308, doi:10.1007/s00445-009-0321-7.


Buddensiek, M. L., C. M. Krawczyk, N. Kukowski, and O. Oncken (2009), Performance of piezoelectric transducers in terms of amplitude and waveform, Geophysics, 74(2), T33-T45, doi:10.1190/1.3072619.

*Le Corvec, N., and T. R. Walter (2009), Volcano spreading and fault interaction influenced by rift zone intrusions: Insights from analogue experiments analyzed with digital image correlation technique, Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 183(3-4), 170-182, doi:10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2009.02.006.

Rosenau, M., and O. Oncken (2009), Fore-arc deformation controls frequency-size distribution of megathrust earthquakes in subduction zones, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 114, 12, B10311, doi: 10.1029/2009jb006359.

Rosenau, M., J. Lohrmann, and O. Oncken (2009), Shocks in a box: An analogue model of subduction earthquake cycles with application to seismotectonic forearc evolution, Journal of Geophysical Research-Solid Earth, 114, 20, B01409, doi.: 10.1029/2008jb005665.


Cailleau, B., and O. Oncken (2008), Past forearc deformation in Nicaragua and coupling at the megathrust interface: Evidence for subduction retreat? Geochem. Geophys. Geosyst., 9, Q03016, doi:10.1029/2007GC001754.

Hoth, S., N. Kukowski, and O. Oncken (2008), Distant effects in bivergent orogenic belts — How retro-wedge erosion triggers resource formation in pro-foreland basins, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 273(1-2), 28-37, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2008.05.033.


Hoth, S., A. Hoffmann-Rothe, and N. Kukowski (2007), Frontal accretion: An internal clock for bivergent wedge deformation and surface uplift, Journal of Geophysical Research, 112(B6), doi:10.1029/2006jb004357. 

Kenkmann, T., F. Kiebach, M. Rosenau, U. Raschke, A. Pigowske, K. Mittelhaus, and D. Eue (2007), Coupled effects of impact and orogeny: Is the marine Lockne crater, Sweden, pristine?, Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 42(11), 1995-2012, doi: 10.1111/j.1945-5100.2007.tb00556.x.

Hoth, S., Kukowski, N. & Oncken, O. (2006), Influence of erosion on the kinematics of bivergent orogens: Results from scaled sandbox simulations – In: Willett, S.D., Hovius, N., Brandon, M.T., Fischer, D. (Eds.), Tectonics, Climate, and Landscape evolution: Geol. Soc. Amer. Spec. Pap. 398, Penrose Conference Series, p. 201-225; doi:10.1130/2006.2398(12).

Lohrmann, J., Kukowski, N., Krawczyk, C. M., Oncken, O., Sick, C., Sobiesiak, M., Rietbrock, A. (2006), Subduction channel evolution in britle fore-arc wedges -a combined study with scaled sandbox experiments, seismological and reflection seismic data and geological field evidence, In: The Andes – active subduction orogeny (eds: O.Oncken, G. Chong, G. Franz, P. Giese, H.J. Götze, V. Ramos, M. Strecker, P. Wigger), Frontiers in Earth Sciences, 237-262, Springer, Berlin Heidelberg.

*Panien, M., G. Schreurs, and A. Pfiffner (2006), Mechanical behaviour of granular materials used in analogue modelling: insights from grain characterisation, ring-shear tests and analogue experiments, Journal of Structural Geology, 28(9), 1710-1724, doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2006.05.004.

Schreurs, G., Buiter, S., Boutelier, D., Corti, G., Costa, E., Cruden, A., Daniel, J.M., Hoth, S., Koyi, H., Kukowski, N., Lohrmann, J., Ravaglia, A., Schlische, R., Withjack, M., Yamada, Y., Cavozzi, C., DelVentisetti, C., Elder Brady, J., Hoffmann-Rother, A., Mengus, J.M., Montanari, D., Nilforoushan, F., (2006), Analogue benchmarks of shortening and extension experiments. Geological Society, London, Special Publications, 253, 1-27, doi.: 10.1144/GSL.SP.2006.253.01.01.

Rosenau, M., D. Melnick, and H. Echtler (2006), Kinematic constraints on intra-arc shear and strain partitioning in the southern Andes between 38 degrees S and 42 degrees S latitude, Tectonics, 25(4), 16, doi: 10.1029/2005tc001943.


Adam, J., J.L. Urai, B. Wieneke, O. Oncken, K. Pfeiffer, N. Kukowski, J. Lohrmann, S. Hoth, W. van der Zee, J. Schmatz, (2005), Shear localisation and strain distribution during tectonic faulting - New insights from granular-flow experiments and high-resolution optical image correlation techniques, Journal of Structural Geology, 27(2), 183-301,doi:10.1016/j.jsg.2004.08.008.

Vietor, T., and O. Oncken (2005), Controls on the shape and kinematics of the Central Andean plateau flanks: Insights from numerical modeling, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 236(3-4), 814-827, doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2005.06.004.


Adam, J., D. Klaeschen, N. Kukowski, and E. Flueh (2004), Upward delamination of Cascadia Basin sediment infill with landward frontal accretion thrusting caused by rapid glacial age material flux, Tectonics, 23(3), doi:10.1029/2002tc001475.

Hampel, A., J. Adam, and N. Kukowski (2004), Response of the tectonically erosive south Peruvian forearc to subduction of the Nazca Ridge: Analysis of three-dimensional analogue experiments, Tectonics, 23(5), 1-16, doi.: 10.1029/2003TC001585.

*Ellis, S., G. Schreurs, Marion Panien (2004), Comparisons between analogue and numerical models of thrust wedge development, Journal of Structural Geology, Volume 26, Issue 9, 1659-1675, ISSN 0191-8141, doi.: 10.1016/j.jsg.2004.02.012. 


Lohrmann, J., N. Kukowski, J. Adam, and O. Oncken (2003), The impact of analogue material properties on the geometry, kinematics, and dynamics of convergent sand wedges, Journal of Structural Geology, 25(10), 1691-1711, doi:10.1016/S0191-8141(03)00005-1.


Matthias Rosenau
Dr. Matthias Rosenau
Lithosphere Dynamics
Building C, Room 228
14473 Potsdam
+49 331 288-1364