Logo "GFZ German research centre for geo sciences"

Classification of Days (deduced from Kp indices)

The selection of the quietest days (Q-days) and most disturbed days (D-days) of each month is deduced from the Kp indices on the basis of three criteria for each day:

  1. The sum of the eight Kp values.
  2. The sum of squares of the eight Kp values.
  3. The maximum of the eight Kp values.

According to each of these criteria, a relative order number is assigned to each day of the month, the three order numbers are averaged and the days with the lowest and the highest mean order numbers are selected as the five (respectively ten) quietest and the five most disturbed days.

Refined Classification

It should be noted that these selection criteria give only a relative indication of the character of the selected days with respect to the other days of the same month. As the general disturbance level may be quite different for different years and also for different months of the same year, the selected quietest days of a month may sometimes be rather disturbed or vice versa.

In order to indicate such a situation, selected days which do not satisfy certain absolute criteria are marked as follows:

  • A selected quiet day is considered not really quiet and is marked by the letter A if Ap greater than 6, or marked by the letter K if Ap less or equal 6 and either one Kp value greater than 3 or two Kp values greater than 2+.
  • A selected disturbed day is considered not really disturbed and marked by an asterisk (*) if Ap less than 20.
back to top of main content