Terrestrial Environmental Observatories


Within the regional observatory TERENO (TERrestrial ENvironmental Observatories), the Helmholtz Association is investigating the effects of global change on terrestrial ecosystems at regional level. To this end, four regional observatories were set up for an integrated Earth observation, covering regions that are representative for Germany: Eifel/Lower Rhine Valley Observatory, Harz/Central German Lowland Observatory, Bavarian Alps/pre-Alps Observatory and Northeastern German Lowland Observatory. All four areas are equipped with combined in-situ measuring instruments as well as ground and airborne remote sensing technologies. This infrastructure project initially planned until 2025 aims to record changes in the geo-, hydro-, bio-, and lower atmosphere as well as the anthroposphere on different spatial and temporal scales. This facilitates a better understanding of the interdependencies and to develop effective prevention, mitigation and adaptation strategies in the light of global change.

Observatory Northeastern German Lowland

The observatory "TERrestrial Environmental Observatories - Northeastern German Lowland" (TERENO North-East) is operated by the GFZ. It analyses the impact of climate and land-use change on terrestrial ecosystems and currently comprises six main sites located in a region stretching from the Uckermark to the Baltic coast. TERENO North-East serves as a platform for the monitoring, analysis and prediction of changing environmental conditions.

The northeastern lowlands are one of the regions most affected by climate change in Germany. Increases of relative drought and hydrometeorological extreme events are among the greatest challenges. The TERENO observatory includes the Ucker catchment area, the Müritz National Park, the Biosphere Reserve Schorfheide-Chorin, Lake Tiefer See as well as the test site DEMMIN for calibration and validation purposes of the German Aerospace Center (DLR).

The complex relationships and feedback mechanisms of the different parts of the terrestrial systems require an interdisciplinary research approach. Important system variables, which are being monitored within TERENO, include: relocation and exchange processes of water, matter and energy in the groundwater-vegetation-atmosphere system, long-term changes in the structure and functioning of microorganisms, flora and fauna, as well as socioeconomic conditions that must be determined with sufficient temporal and spatial resolution.

The following scientific questions arise:

  • Which consequences will the expected climate change have on the groundwater, soils, vegetation and surface waters?
  • In which way will the feedbacks mechanisms affect the terrestrial fluxes of water and matter (e.g. feedbacks between land surface and atmosphere)?
  • Which direct influences have soil and landuse changes on water balance, soil fertility, biodiversity and regional climate?
  • What are the consequences of large anthropogenic interferences (e.g. open mining, deforestation) on terrestrial systems?


The long-term data sets developed in TERENO will significantly foster the validation, advancement and integration of terrestrial models, e.g. groundwater and soil water balance models, regional climate and weather prognostic models, air quality models, runoff and forest/agronomic models as well as diversity and socioeconomical models. Integrated model systems can comprehensively support the management of agronomic and forest ecosystems, e.g. optimization of irrigation systems as well as development of warning systems for extreme weather occurrences and flooding, integrated control systems of water management constructions, and monitoring systems for air, groundwater and surface water quality.


The long-term data sets developed in TERENO will significantly foster the validation, advancement and integration of terrestrial models, e.g. groundwater and soil water balance models, regional climate and weather prognostic models, air quality models, runoff and forest/agronomic models as well as diversity and socioeconomical models. Integrated model systems can comprehensively support the management of agronomic and forest ecosystems, e.g. optimization of irrigation systems as well as development of warning systems for extreme weather occurrences and flooding, integrated control systems of water management constructions, and monitoring systems for air, groundwater and surface water quality.


Data management

The working groups in TERENO North-East are supported during the processes of collecting, providing, integrating, managing and exchanging of heterogeneous digital resources. Data Management controls data storage and secures internal and external data access via standardized exchange formats and, thus, data provision in the central TERENO Data Discovery Portal TEODOOR.

Contact: Vivien Stender


Complex data on climate and landscape development are collected. These are combined in order to derive improved predictions for the future. For this purpose, lake sediments and tree year rings, in particular, are analyzed; in addition samples of archaeological and fossil wood material as well as paleosoils are examined.

Contact: Dr. Ingo Heinrich (Dendrochronologie und -ökologie)
Contact: Prof. Achim Brauer (Seesedimente und Klimarekonstruktion)

Remote sensing

In the DEMMIN test field data on vegetation, soil and exchange processes between soil and atmosphere are recorded. The terrestrial data are compared with aircraft and satellite-based information from remote sensing. These algorithms can finally be transferred to areas for which there are remote sensing data, but only a few terrestrial data available. This facilitates to efficiently gain regional insights into environmental conditions.

Contact: Dr. Sibylle Itzerott


As part of the Helmholtz Young Investigators GroupMicroCenethe working group geomicrobiology deals with the microbial carbon cycle of peat bogs. Molecular methods are used to identify, quantify and characterize key organisms of the methane cycle of various types of peat bogs. The working group thus contributes to the process understanding of current trace gas flows and creates the basis for interpreting the spread and activity of microbial communities in cores of peat bogs reaching back thousands of years. The aim of the work is to be able to better estimate the influence of microbial communities on the trace gas fluxes in the course of the natural and anthropogenic origin of peat bogs. Study sites are the near-natural, oligo- and mesotrophic kettle moors of the Müritz National Park, the coastal peat bog Hütelmoor as well as the eutrophic polder Zarnekow.

Contact: Prof. Susanne Liebner


The main focus of the soil monitoring is the observation, impact analysis and forecast of soil relocation and coupled material flows in the landscape. The work will be carried out in close cooperation with the Leibniz Center for Agricultural Landscape Research (ZALF) Müncheberg. The main study regions are the intensively agriculturally used Ucker catchment, in particular the Quillow catchment area near Dedelow. Here, a lysimeter is operated as part of the SoilCan project. Each SoilCan-Lysimeter is equipped with sensors facilitating the acquisition of balance parameters such as leachate, soil moisture, evapotranspiration and precipitation with a high temporal resolution. In addition, for the analysis of historical soil relocations and pedogenesis, the catchment area of the Großer Fürstenseer See in the Müritz National Park is another focus region.

Contact: Dr. Knut Kaiser


In the Great Lake Fürstensee and in its catchment area (Müritz National Park), the dynamics of water and matter moving between running water, sediment and groundwater are examined in detail. In addition, measuring stations are operated at various water gauges in order to monitor the water quality over an extended period of time. In summary, the landscape water balance in the region can be comprehensively stated.

Contact: Dr. Theresa Blume

Helmholtz Young Investigators Group TEAM (Trace Gas Exchange in the Earth–Atmosphere System on Multiple Scales)

Exchange processes between terrestrial systems and the atmosphere are investigated on different temporal and spatial scales. The aim is to improve the understanding of the biological, chemical and physical processes that control the exchange of energy and greenhouse gases between soil, vegetation and atmosphere. The determination of the gas fluxes between the ecosystem and the atmosphere takes place in a rewetted peat bog of the Peene near Zarnekow / Dargun using the so-called eddy covariance method. This micrometeorological method is used both at eddy-towers, as well as by means of helicopter or aircraft rides, in order to examine areas of different sizes.

Contact: Prof. Torsten Sachs


Nwosu, E.C., Brauer, A., Kaiser, J., Horn, F., Wagner, D., Liebner, S. (2021a). Evaluating sedimentary DNA for tracing changes in cyanobacteria dynamics from sediments spanning the last 350 years of Lake Tiefer See, NE Germany. Journal of Paleolimnology, 66: 279–296. | doi:10.1007/s10933-021-00206-9

Nwosu, E.C., Roeser, P., Yang, S., Ganzert, L., Dellwig, O., Pinkerneil, S., Brauer, A., Dittmann, E., Wagner, D., Liebner, S. (2021b). From Water into Sediment – Tracing Freshwatrer Cyanobacteria via DNA Analyses. Microorganisms, 9: 1778. | doi:10.3390/microorganisms9081778

Nwosu, E.C., Roeser, P., Yang, S., Pinkerneil, S. Dittmann, E., Brauer, A., Wagner, D., Liebner, S. (2021c). Species-Level Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of Cyanobacteria in a Hard-Water Temperate Lake in the Southern Baltics. Front. Microbiol., 12:761259. | doi:10.3389/fmicb.2021.761259

Theuerkauf, M., Blume, T., Brauer, A., Dräger, N., Feldens, P., Kaiser, K., Kappler, C., Kästner, F., Lorenz, S., Schult, M. (2021) Holocene lake-level evolution of Lake Tiefer See, NE Germany, caused by climate and land cover changes. Boreas. ISSN 0300-9483 | doi:10.1111/bor.12561

Roeser, P., Dräger, N., Brykała, D., Ott, F., Pinkerneil, S., Gierszewski, P., Lindemann, C., Plessen, B., Brademann, B., Kaszubski, M., Fojutowski, M., Schwab, M.J., Słowiński, M., Błaszkiewicz, M., Brauer, A. (2021). Advances in understanding formation of calcite varves: new insights from a dual lake monitoring approach. Boreas. | doi:10.1111/bor.12506

Nantke, C.K.M., Brauer, A., Frings, P.J., Czymzik, M., Hübener, T., Stadmark, J., Dellwig, O., Roeser, P., Conley, D.J. (2021). Human influence on the continental Si budget during the last 4300 years: δ30Sidiatom in varved lake sediments (Tiefer See, NE Germany). Quarternary Science Reviews 258: 106869. | doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2021.106869


Dräger, N., Plessen, B., Kienel, U., Słowiński, M., Ramisch, A., Pinkerneil, S., Brauer, A. (2019). Relation of δ13C of sedimentary organic matter and varve preservation in the sediment record of Lake Tiefer See (NE Germany). Journal of Paleolimnology, 62:181–194. | doi:10.1007/s10933-019-00084-2


Czymzik, M., Muscheler, R., Adolphi, F., Mekhaldi, F., Dräger, N., Ott, F., Słowinski, M., Błaszkiewicz, M., Aldahan, A., Possnert, G., Brauer, A. (2018). Synchronizing 10Be in two varved lake sediment records to IntCal13 14C during three grand solar minima. Clim. Past, 14, 687–696. https://doi.org/10.5194/cp-14-687-2018

Heinrich, I., Balanzategui, D., Bens, O., Blasch, G., Blume, T., Böttcher, F., Borg, E., Brademann, B., Brauer, A., Conrad, C., Dietze, E., Dräger, N., Fiener, P., Gerke, H.H., Güntner, A., Heine, I., Helle, G., Herbrich, M., Harfenmeister, M., Heußner, K.-U., Hohmann, C., Itzerott, S., Jurasinski, G., Kaiser, K., Kappler, C., Koebsch, F., Liebner, S., Lischeid, G., Merz, B., Missling, K.D., Morgner, M., Pinkerneil, S., Plessen, B., Raab, T., Ruhtz, T., Sachs, T., Sommer, M., Spengler, D., Stender, V., Stüve, P., Wilken, F. (2018). Interdisciplinary Geo-ecological Research across Time Scales in the Northeast German Lowland Observatory (TERENO-NE). Vadose Zone Journal. | doi:10.2136/vzj2018.06.0116


Balanzategui, D., Knorr, A., Heußner, K.-U., Wazny, T., Beck, W., Słowiński, M., Helle, G., Buras, A., Wilmking, M., van der Maaten, E., Scharnweber, T., Dorado Liñán, I., Heinrich, I. (2017): An 810-year history of cold season temperature variability for northern Poland. BOREAS. doi.org/10.1111/bor.12274. ISSN 0300-9483.

Dräger, N., Theuerkauf, M., Szeroczynska, K., Wulf, S., Tjallingii, R., Plessen, B., Kienel, U., Brauer, A. 2017). A varve micro-facies and varve preservation record of climate change and human impact for the last 6000 years at Lake Tiefer See (NE Germany). The Holocene 27, 3, 450-464.

Güntner, A., Reich, M., Mikolaj, M., Creutzfeldt, B., Schroeder, S., and Wziontek, H. (2017): Landscape-scale water balance monitoring with an iGrav superconducting gravimeter in a field enclosure, Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 21, 3167-3182, doi.org/10.5194/hess-21-3167-2017.

Heine, I., Brauer, A., Heim, B., Itzerott, S., Kasprzak, P., Kienel, U., Kleinschmit, B. (2017). Monitoring of calcite precipitation in hardwater lakes with multi-spectral remote sensing archives. Open Access Journal Water 9, 15.

Herbrich, M., Gerke, H., Bens, O. und Sommer, M. (2017): Water balance and leaching of dissolved organic and inorganic carbon of eroded Luvisols using high precision weighing lysimeters. Soil and Tillage Research 165, 144-160.

Herbrich, M., Gerke, H.H. (2017): Scales of water retention dynamics observed in eroded Luvisols from arable hummocky soil landscape. Vadose Zone Journal.

Kaiser, K., Keller, N., Brande, A., Dalitz, S., Hensel, N., Heußner, K.-U., Kappler, C., Michas, U., Müller, J., Schwalbe, G., Weiße, R., Bens, O. (2017): A large-scale medieval dam-lake cascade in central Europe: water level dynamics of river Havel, Berlin-Brandenburg region, Germany. Geoarchaeology – An International Journal.

Kienel, U., Kirillin, G., Brademann, B., Plessen, B., Lampe, R., Brauer, A., (2017). Effects of spring warming and mixing duration on diatom deposition in the deep Tiefer See, NE Germany. Journal of Paleolimnology 57, 37–49.

Koch, M., Koebsch, F., Hahn, J., Jurasinski, G. (2017): From Meadow to Shallow Lake: Short-term Vegetation Dynamics After Rewetting of a Coastal Brackish Fen Studied Using RGB Aerial Photographs. Mires and Peat. in press.

Martin-Puertas, C., Tjallingii, R., Bloemsma, M., Brauer, A. (2017). Varved sediment responses to early Holocene climate and environmental changes in Lake Meerfelder Maar (Germany) obtained from a multivariate approach of μ-XRF core scanning data. Journal of Quaternary Science, DOI: 10.1002/jqs.2935

Rach, O., Kahmen, A., Brauer, A., Sachse, D. (2017). A dual-biomarker approach for quantification of changes in relative humidity from sedimentary lipid D/H ratios. Climate of the Past 13, 741-757.

Rach, O., Engels, S., Kahmen, A., Brauer, A., Martín-Puertas, C., van Geel, B., Sachse, D. (2017). Hydrological and ecological changes in western Europe between 3200 and 2000 cal years BP derived from lipid biomarker δD values in Lake Meerfelder Maar sediments. Quaternary Science Reviews 172, 44-54.

Schollän, K., Baschek, H., Heinrich, H. Slotta, F., Pauly, M., Helle, G. (2017): A guideline for sample preparation in modern tree-ring stable isotope research, Dendrochronologia 44, 133-145. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.dendro.2017.05.002

Słowiński, M., Zawiska, I., Ott, F., Noryśkiewicz, A.M., Plessen, B., Apolinarska, K., Lutyńska, M., Michczynska, D.J., Wulf, S., Skubała, P., Kordowski, J., Błaszkiewicz, M., Brauer, A. (2017). Differential proxy responses to late Allerød and early Younger Dryas climatic change recorded in varved sediments of the Trzechowskie palaeolake in Northern Poland. Quaternary Science Reviews 158, 94-106.

Tecklenburg, C., Blume, T. (2017): Identifying, characterizing and predicting spatial patterns of lacustrine groundwater discharge. HESS

Wilken, F., Fiener, P., van Oost, K. (2017): Modelling a century of soil redistribution processes and carbon delivery from small watersheds using a multi-class sediment transport model, Earth Surface Dynamics 5, 113-124.

Wilken, F., Sommer, M., Van Oost, K., Bens, O., Fiener, P. (2017): Process-oriented modelling to identify main drivers of erosion-induced carbon fluxes. SOIL 3, 83–94.


Bogena, H. R., Borg, E., Brauer, A., Dietrich, P., Hajnsek, I., Heinrich, I., Kiese, R., Kunkel, R., Kunstmann, H., Merz, B., Priesack, E., Pütz, T., Schmid, H. P., Wollschläger, U., Vereecken, H., Zacharias, S. (2016): TERENO: German network of terrestrial environmental observatories. - Journal of large-scale research facilities, 2.

Buras, A., van der Maaten-Theunissen, M., van der Maaten, E., Ahlgrimm, S., Hermann, P., Simard, S., Heinrich, I., Helle, G., Unterseher, M,. Schnittler, M., Eusemann, P., Wilmking, M. (2016): Tuning the voices of a choir: Detecting ecological gradients in time-series populations. PLoS ONE 11, e0158346. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0158346.

Dietze, E., Słowiński, M., Zawiska, I.A., Veh, G., Brauer, A. (2016): Multiple drivers of Holocene lake level changes at a lowland lake in northeastern Germany. Boreas, 10.1111/bor.12190. ISSN 0300-9483.

Dräger, N., Brauer, A., Brademann, B., Tjallingii, R., Słowinski, M., Błaszkiewicz, M., Schlaak, N. (2016). Spontaneous self-ignited combustion of organic-rich lateglacial lake sediments after freeze-drying. Journal of Paleolimnology. DOI: 10.1007/s10933-015-9875-x

Franz, D., Koebsch, F., Larmanou, E., Augustin, J., Sachs, T. (2016): High net CO2 and CH4 release at a eutrophic shallow lake on a formerly drained fen. - Biogeosciences 13, 3051-3070.

Heidbüchel, I., Güntner, A., Blume, T. (2016): Use of cosmic-ray neutron sensors for soil moisture monitoring in forests. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 20, 1269-1288.

Heine, I., Jagdhuber, T., Itzerott, S. (2016): Classification and monitoring of reed belts using dual-polarimetric TerraSAR-X time series. Remote Sensing 8, 552, 24 pages.

Herbrich, M. und Gerke, H. (2016): Autocorrelation analysis of high resolution weighing lysimeter time series as a basis for determination of precipitation. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 179 (6), 784-798.

Pritzkow, C., Wazny, T., Heußner, K.U., Słowiński, M., Bieber, A., Dorado Liñán, I., Helle, G., Heinrich, I. (2016): Minimum winter temperature reconstruction from average earlywood vessel area of European oak (Quercus robur) in N-Poland. Paleogeography, Paleoclimatology, Paleoecology 449, 520-530.

Pütz, T., Kiese, R., Wollschläger, U., Groh, J., Rupp, H., Zacharias, S., Priesack, E., Gerke, H., Gasche, R., Bens, O., Borg, E., Baessler, C., Kaiser, K., Herbrich, M., Munch, J.-C., Sommer, M., Vogel, H.-J., Vanderborght, J. (2016): TERENO-SOILCan: a lysimeter-network in Germany observing soil processes and plant diversity in-fluenced by climate change. Environmental Earth Sciences 75, 1242.

Sanders, T.G.M, Heinrich, I., Günther, B., Beck, W. (2016): Increasing water use efficiency comes at a cost for Norway spruce. Forests 7, 296; doi: 10.3390/f7120296.

Siegmund, J.F., Sanders T.G.M., Heinrich I., van der Maaten E., Simard S., Helle G., Donner R.V. (2016): Meteorological Drivers of Extremes in Daily Stem Radius Variations of Beech, Oak, and Pine in Northeastern Germany: An Event Coincidence Analysis. Front. PlantSci.7:733. doi: 10.3389/fpls.2016.00733

Wulf, S., Dräger, N., Ott, F., Serb, J., Appelt, O., Gudmundsdottir, E., van den Bogaard, C., Słowinski, M., Błaszkiewicz, M., Brauer, A. (2016). Holocene tephrostratigraphy of varved sediment records from Lakes Tiefer See (NE Germany) and Czechowskie (N Poland). Quaternary Science Reviews 132, 1-14.


Blasch, G., Spengler, D., Itzerott, S., Wessolek, G. (2015): Organic matter modelling at the landscape scale based on multitemporal soil pattern analysis using RapidEye data. Remote Sensing 7, 11125-11150.

Blasch, G., Spengler, D., Hohmann, C., Neumann, C., Itzerott, S., Kaufmann, H. (2015): Multitemporal soil pattern analysis with multispectral remote sensing data at the field-scale. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 113, 1-13.

Błaszkiewicz, M., Piotrowski, J.A., Brauer, A., Gierszewski, P., Kordowski, J., Kramkowski, M., Lamparski, P., Lorenz, S., Noryśkiewicz, A.M., Ott, F., Słowiński, M., Tyszkowski, S. (2015): Climatic and morphological controls on diachronous postglacial lake and river valley evolution in the area of Last Glaciation, northern Poland. Quaternary Science Reviews 109, 13-27.

Buras, A., Scharnweber, T., Simard, S., van der Maaten, E., Tober, A., Heinrich, I., Kaiser, K., Wilmking, M. (2015): Aktuelle dendroökologische Fragestellungen im Teilgebiet Serrahn des Müritz-Nationalparks. - In: Kaiser, K., Kobel, J., Küster, M., Schwabe, M. (Eds.), Neue Beiträge zum Naturraum und zur Landschaftsgeschichte im Teilgebiet Serrahn des Müritz-Nationalparks, (Forschung und Monitoring; 4), Berlin: Geozon Science Media, p. 53-60.

Clasen, A, Somers, B., Pipkins, K., Tits, L., Segl, K., Brell, M., Kleinschmit, B., Spengler, D., Lausch, A., Förster, M. (2015): Spectral unmixing of forest crown components at close range, airborne and simulated Sentinel-2 and EnMAP spectral imaging scale. Remote Sensing – EnMAP Special Issue 7, 15361-15387.

Creutzfeldt, B., Heinrich, I., Merz, B. (2015): Total water storage dynamics derived from tree-ring records and terrestrial gravity observations. Journal of Hydrology 529, 640-649.

Czymzik, M., Muscheler, R., Brauer, A., Adolphi, F., Ott, F., Kienel, U., Dräger, N., Słowiński, M., Aldahan, A., Possnert, G. (2015): Solar cycles and depositional processes in annual 10Be from two varved lake sediment records. Earth and Planetary Science Letters 428, 44-51.

Heine, I., Stüve, P., Kleinschmit, B., Itzerott, S. (2015): Reconstruction of Lake Level Changes of Groundwater-Fed Lakes in Northeastern Germany Using RapidEye Time Series. Water 7, 4175-4199.

Jonard, F., Weihermüller, L., Schwank, M., Jadoon, K.Z., Vereecken, H., Lambot, S. (2015): Estimation of the hydraulic properties of a sand using ground-based passive and active microwave remote sensing. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 53, 3095-3109.

Kaiser, K., I. Heinrich, I. Heine, M. Natkhin, R. Dannowski, G. Lischeid, T. Schneider, J. Henkel, M. Küster, K.-U. Heussner, O. Bens and J. Chmieleski (2015): Multi-decadal lake-level dynamics in north-eastern Germany as derived by a combination of gauging, proxy-data and modelling. Journal of Hydrology 529, 584-599.

Kaiser, K., Kobel, J., Küster, M., Schwabe, M.(2015):Neue Beiträge zum Naturraum und zur Landschaftsgeschichte im Teilgebiet Serrahn des Müritz-Nationalparks, (Forschung und Monitoring; 4), 280 p.

Kaiser, K., Korzetz, A., Lehmann, T. (2015): Bibliographie wissenschaftlicher und populärwissenschaftlicher Arbeiten mit Bezug zum Teilgebiet Serrahn des Müritz-Nationalparks und Umgebung - Titel 1986 - 2015. - In: Kaiser, K., Kobel, J., Küster, M., Schwabe, M. (Eds.), Neue Beiträge zum Naturraum und zur Landschaftsgeschichte im Teilgebiet Serrahn des Müritz-Nationalparks, (Forschung und Monitoring ; 4), Berlin : Geozon Science Media, p. 259-276.

Kaiser, K., Dreibrodt, J., Küster, M., Stüve, P. (2015): Die hydrologische Entwicklung des Großen Fürstenseer Sees (Müritz-Nationalpark) im letzten Jahrtausend - Ein Überblick. - In: Kobel, J., Küster, M., Schwabe, M. (Eds.), Neue Beiträge zum Naturraum und zur Landschaftsgeschichte im Teilgebiet Serrahn des Müritz-Nationalparks, (Forschung und Monitoring; 4), Berlin : Geozon Science Media, p. 61-81.

Koebsch, F., Jurasinski, G., Koch, S., Hofmann, J., Glatzel, S. (2015): Controls for multi-scale temporal variation in ecosystem methane exchange during the growing season of a permanently inundated fen. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 204, 94-105.

Lane, C. S., Brauer, A., Martin-Puertas, C., Blockley, S. P., Smith, V. C., Tomlinson, E. L. (2015): The Late Quaternary tephrostratigraphy of annually laminated sediments from Meerfelder Maar, Germany. Quaternary Science Reviews 122, 192-206.

Petrescu, A.M.R.; Lohila, A.; Tuovinen, J.-P.; Baldocchi, D.; Desai, A.R.; Roulet, N.T.; Vesala, T.; Dolman, A.J.; Oechel, W.C.; Marcolla, B.; Friborg, T.; Rinne, J.; Hatala Matthes, J.; Merbold, L.; Meijide, A.; Kiely, G.; Sottocornola, M.; Sachs, T.; Zona, D.; Varlagin, A.; Lai, D.Y.F.; Veenendaal, E.; Parmentier, F.-J.W.; Skiba, U.; Lund, M.; Hensen, A.; van Huissteden, J.; Flanagan, L.B.; Shurpali, N.; Grünwald, T.; Humphreys, E.; Jackowicz-Korczynski, M.; Aurela, M.; Laurila, T.; Grüning, C.; Corradi, C.A.R.; Schrier-Uijl, A.P.; Christensen, T.R.; Tamstorf, M.P.; Mastepanov, M.; Martikainen, P.; Verma, S.B.; Bernhofer, C.; Cescatti, A. (2015): The uncertain climate footprint of wetlands under human pressure. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112, 4594-4599.

Sachs, T., Koebsch, F., Franz, D., Larmanou, E., Serafimovich, A., Kohnert, K., Jurasinski, G., Augustin, J. (2015): Mehr Moor? - Zur Treibhausgasdynamik wiedervernässter Feuchtgebiete. - System Erde, 5, 1, p. 22-27.

Scharnweber, T., Couwenberg, J., Heinrich, I., Wilmking, M. (2015): New insights for the interpretation of ancient bog oak chronologies? Reactions of oak (Quercus robur L.) to a sudden peatland rewetting. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 417, 534-543.

Schollän, K, Baschek, H., Heinrich I., Helle, G. (2015): An improved guideline for rapid and precise sample preparation of tree-ring stable isotope analysis. Biogeosciences Discussions 12, 1-37.

Słowinski, M., Błaszkiewicz, M., Brauer, A., Noryskiewicz, B., Ott, F., Tyszkowski, S. (2015): The role of melting dead ice on landscape transformation in the early Holocene in Tuchola Pinewoods, North Poland. Quaternary International 388, 64-75.

Theuerkauf, M., Dräger, N., Kienel, U., Kuparinen, A., Brauer, A. (2015): Effects of changes in land management practices on pollen productivity of open vegetation during the last century derived from varved lake sediments. The Holocene 25, 733-744.

van der Maaten, E., van der Maaten-Theunissen, M., Buras, A., Scharnweber, T., Simard, S., Kaiser, K., Lorenz, S., Wilmking, M. (2015): Can We Use Tree Rings of Black Alder to Reconstruct Lake Levels? A Case Study for the Mecklenburg Lake District, Northeastern Germany. - Plos One, 10, 8, p. e0137054.

van Hoesel, A., Hoek, W.Z., Pennock, G.M., Kaiser, K., Plümper, O., Jankowski, M., Hamers, M.F., Schlaak, N., Küster, M., Andronikov, A.V., Drury, M.R. (2015): A search for shocked quartz grains in the Allerød-Younger Dryas boundary layer. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 50, 483-498.


Kaiser, K., Koch, P.J., Mauersberger, R., Stüve, P., Dreibrodt, J., Bens, O. (2014): Detection and attribution of lake-level dynamics in northeastern central Europe in recent decades. Regional Environmental Change. DOI: 10.1007/s10113-014-0600-5.

Kaiser, K., Küster, M., Fülling, A., Theuerkauf, M., Dietze, E., Graventein, H., Koch, P.J., Bens, O., Brauer, A. (2014): Littoral landforms and pedosedimentary sequences indicating late Holocene lake-level changes in northern central Europe – A case study from northeastern Germany. Geomorphology 216, 58-78.

Küster, K., Fülling, A., Kaiser, K., Ulrich, J. (2014): Aeolian sands and buried soils in the Mecklenburg Lake District, NE Germany: Holocene land use history and pedo-geomorphic response. Geomorphology 211, 64-76.

Rach, O., Brauer, A., Wilkes, H., Sachse, D. (2014): Delayed hydrological response to Greenland cooling at the onset of the Younger Dryas in western Europe. Nature Geoscience 7, 109-112.

Tolksdorf, J.F., Turner, F., Kaiser, K., Eckmeier, E., Bittmann, F., Veil, S. (2014): Potential of palaeosols, sediments and archaeological features to reconstruct Late Glacial fire regimes in northern Central Europe – case study on Grabow site and overview. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie 58, Supplement 1, 211-232.

Tillack, A., Clasen, A., Förster, M., Kleinschmit, B. (2014): Estimation of the seasonal leaf area index in an alluvial forest using high-resolution satellite-based vegetation indices. Remote Sensing of Environment 141, 52-63.



Blume, T., Krause, S., Meinikmann, K., Lewandowski, J. (2013): Upscaling lacustrine groundwater discharge rates by fiber-optic distributed temperature sensing. Water Resources Research 49, 7929-7944.

Kienel, U., Dulski, P., Ott, F., Lorenz, S., Brauer, A. (2013): Recently induced anoxia leading to the preservation of seasonal laminae in two NE-German lakes. Journal of Paleolimnology 50, 535-544.

Kienel, U., Vos, H., Lücke, A., Dulski, P., Schwab, M.J., Nowaczyk, N.R. (2013): Modification of climate signals by human activities recorded in varved sediments since 1600 AD (Lake Holzmaar, Germany). Journal of Paleolimnology 50, 561-575.

Czymzik, M., Brauer, A., Dulski, P., Plessen, B., Naumann, R., von Grafenstein, U., Scheffler, R. (2013): Orbital and solar forcing of shifts in Mid- to Late Holocene flood intensity from varved sediments of pre-alpine Lake Ammersee (southern Germany). Quaternary Science Reviews 61, 96-110.

Fregien, K., Heinrich, I., Helle, G., Dorado-Linan, I., Neuwirth, B. (2013): Growth response of sessile oak to climatic variability at two sites in West and Northeast Germany. Proceedings of the Conference on Tree Rings in Archaeology, Climatology and Ecology, 9-12 May 2012, pp. 31-42, Potsdam.

Kunkel, R., Sorg, J., Klump, J., Kolditz, O., Rink, K., Gasche, R., Neidl, F. (2013): TEODOOR – A spatial data infrastructure for terrestrial observation data. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC), 2013 10th, Evry/France, pp. 242-245.

Liang, W., Heinrich, I., Helle, G., Dorado Liñán, I., Heinken, T. (2013): Applying CLSM to increment core surfaces for histometric analyses: A novel advance in quantitative wood anatomy. Dendrochronologia 31, 140-145.

Liang, W., Heinrich, I., Simard, S., Helle, G., Dorado Liñán, I., Heinken, T. (2013): Climate signals derived from cell anatomy of Scots pine in NE Germany. Tree Physiology 33, 833-844.

Schroeder, M., Stender, V., Klump, J., Wächter, J., Kunkel, R. (2013): The design of monitoring and data infrastructures – applying a forward-thinking reference architecture. In: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Networking, Sensing and Control (ICNSC), 2013 10th, Evry/France, pp. 216-220.

Tillack, A., Clasen, A., Förster, M., Kleinschmit, B. (2013): Estimation of the seasonal leaf area index in an alluvial forest using high-resolution satellite-based vegetation indices. Remote Sensing of Environment (im Druck).

Tillack, A., Clasen, A., Förster, M., Kleinschmit, B. (2013): Estimation of seasonal leaf area index in an alluvial forest using RapidEye-based vegetation indices. In: Borg, E., Daedelow, H., Johnson, R. (Eds.): From the Basics to the Service – 5th RESA Workshop. Gito/DLR, Berlin, pp. 299-303

Tolksdorf, J.F., Turner, F., Kaiser, K., Eckmeier, E., Stahlschmidt, M., Housley, R.A., Cullen, V.L., Breest, K., Veil, S. (2013): Multiproxy analyses of stratigraphy and palaeoenvironment of the Late Palaeolithic Grabow floodplain site, northern Germany.Geoarchaeology 28, 50-65.

Tolksdorf, J.F., Turner, F., Kaiser, K., Eckmeier, E., Bittmann, F., Veil, S. (2013): Potential of palaeosols, sediments and archaeological features to reconstruct Late Glacial fire regimes in northern Central Europe – case study Grabow site and overview. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, Supplementary Issue (im Druck).

Turner, F., Tolksdorf, J.F., Viehberg, F., Schwalb, A., Kaiser, K., Bittmann, F., von Bramann, U., Pott, R., Staesche, U., Breest, K., Veil, S. (2013): Lateglacial/early Holocene fluvial reactions of the Jeetzel river (Elbe valley, northern Germany) to abrupt climatic and environmental changes. Quaternary Science Reviews 60, 91-109.

Wulf, S., Ott, F., Slowinski, M., Noryskiewicz, A.M., Dräger, N., Martin-Puertas, C., Czymzik, M., Neugebauer, I., Dulski, P., Bourne, A.J., Blaszkiewicz, M., Brauer, A. (2013): Tracing the Laacher See Tephra in the varved sediment record of the Trzechowskie palaeolake in central Northern Poland. Quaternary Science Reviews 76, 129-139.



Bens, O., Schwank, M., Blume, T., Brauer, A., Güntner, A., Heinrich, I., Helle, G., Itzerott, S., Kaiser, K., Sachs, T., Hüttl, R.F. (2012): TERENO – Eine Monitoring- und Forschungsplattform zur Erfassung langfristiger Auswirkungen des Globalen Wandels auf regionaler Ebene. System Erde – GFZ-Journal 01/2012, 68-73.

Bogena, H., Kunkel, R., Krüger, E., Zacharias, S., Pütz, T., Schwank, M., Bens, O., Borg, E., Brauer, A., Dietrich, P., Hajnsek, I., Kunstmann, H., Munch, J.-C., Papen, H., Priesack, E., Schmid, H.P., Wollschläger, U., Vereecken, H. (2012): TERENO – Ein langfristiges Beobachtungsnetzwerk für die terrestrische Umweltforschung. Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung 56, 138-143.

Kaiser, K., Lorenz, S., Germer, S., Juschus, O., Küster, M., Libra, J., Bens, O., Hüttl, R.F. (2012): Late Quaternary evolution of rivers, lakes and peatlands in northeast Germany reflecting past climatic and human impact – an overview. E&G Quaternary Science Journal 61, 103-132.

Kaiser, K., Friedrich, J., Oldorff, S., Germer, S., Mauersberger, R., Natkhin, M., Hupfer, M., Pingel, P., Schönfelder, J., Spicher, V., Stüve, P., Vedder, F., Bens, O., Mietz, O., Hüttl, R.F. (2012): Aktuelle hydrologische Veränderungen von Seen in Nordostdeutschland: Wasserspiegeltrends, ökologische Konsequenzen, Handlungsmöglichkeiten. In: Grünewald, U., Bens, O., Fischer, H., Hüttl, R.F., Kaiser, K., Knierim, A. (Hrsg.): Wasserbezogene Anpassungsmaßnahmen an den Landschafts- und Klimawandel, S. 148-170. Schweizerbart Verlag, Stuttgart.

Kaiser, K., Germer, S., Küster, M., Lorenz, S., Stüve, P., Bens, O. (2012): Seespiegelschwankungen in Nordostdeutschland: Beobachtung und Rekonstruktion. System Erde – GFZ-Journal 01/2012, 62-67.

Kunkel, R., Sorg, J., Gasche, R., Klump, J., Kolditz, O., Frenzel, M., Neidl, F. (2012): TEODOOR: Geodateninfrastruktur zur Verwaltung und Veröffentlichung von terrestrischen Beobachtungsdaten der HGF Infrastrukturmaßnahme TERENO aus verteilten Quellen. WissKom2012. Vernetztes Wissen – Daten, Menschen, Systeme (im Druck).

Martin-Puertas, C., Brauer, A., Dulski, P., Brademann, B. (2012): Testing climate-proxy stationarity throughout the Holocene: an example from the varved sediments of Lake Meerfelder Maar (Germany). Quaternary Science Reviews 58, 56-65.

Merz, B., Maurer, T., Kaiser, K. (2012): Wie gut können wir vergangene und zukünftige Veränderungen des Wasserhaushalts quantifizieren? Hydrologie und Wasserbewirtschaftung 56, 244-256.

Neugebauer, I., Brauer, A., Dräger, N., Dulski, P., Wulf, S., Plessen, B., Mingram, J., Herzschuh, U., Brande, A. (2012): A Younger Dryas varve chronology from the Rehwiese palaeolake record in NE-Germany. Quaternary Science Reviews 36, 91-102.

Tolksdorf, J.F., Kaiser, K. (2012): Holocene aeolian dynamics in the European sand-belt as indicated by geochronological data. Boreas, 41, 408-421



Germer, S., Kaiser, K., Bens, O., Hüttl, R.F. (2011): Water balance changes and responses of ecosystems and society in the Berlin-Brandenburg region – a review. Die Erde 142, 65-95.

Jonard, F., Weihermuller, L., Jadoon, K.Z., Schwank, M., Vereecken, H., Lambot, S. (2011): Mapping field-scale soil moisture with L-band radiometer and ground-penetrating radar over bare soil. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing 49, 2863-2875.

Zacharias, S., Bogena, H.R., Samaniego, L., Mauder, M., Fuß, R., Pütz, T., Frenzel, M., Schwank, M., Baessler, C., Butterbach-Bahl, K., Bens, O., Borg, E., Brauer, A., Dietrich, P., Hajnsek, I., Helle, G., Kiese, R., Kunstmann, H., Klotz, S., Munch, J.C., Papen, H., Priesack, E., Schmid, H.P., Steinbrecher, R., Rosenbaum, U., Teutsch, G., Vereecken, H. (2011): A network of terrestrial environmental observatories in Germany. Vadose Zone Journal 10, 955-973.



Czymzik, M., Dulski, P., Plessen, B., von Grafenstein, U., Naumann, R., Brauer, A. (2010): A 450-year record of spring/summer flood layers in annually laminated sediments from Lake Ammersee (Southern Germany). Water Resources Research 46, W11528.

Within TERENO North-East numerous BSc, MSc, and PhD theses are supervised at the GFZ.


Blasch, G. (2017): Multitemporal Soil Pattern Analysis for Organic Matter Estimation at Croplands using Multispectral Satellite Data. Dissertation, Technische Universität Berlin. [Supervisor GFZ: S. Itzerott, D. Spengler/1.4]

Heine, I. (2017): Monitoring of groundwater influenced lakes in northeastern Germany and Poland using remote sensing archive data. Dissertation, Technische Universität Berlin. [Supervisor GFZ: S. Itzerott/1.4 und A. Brauer/5.2]

Herbrich, M. (2017): Einfluss erosionsbedingter Pedogenese auf Wasser- und Stoffbilanzen ackerbaulich genutzter Parabraunerden mittels wägbarer Lysimeter. Dissertation, Universität Potsdam. [Arbeit mit Nutzung der TERENO-NO-Infrastruktur im Quillow-EZG]

Sachße, Hannah (2017): Modeling evapotranspiration over a coastal fen in Mecklenburg and comparison with eddy covariance measurements. BSc Thesis, Universität Potsdam. Schneider, T. (2017): Paläoböden im Teilgebiet Serrahn des Müritz-Nationalparks: Stratigraphie, Genese und landschaftsgeschichtliche Aussage. Masterarbeit, Universität Potsdam. [Supervisor GFZ: K. Kaiser/WVB]

Schulz, L. (2017): Böden und ihr landschaftsgeschichtliches Potenzial in einem „Altwald" (NSG Kiecker, Kreis Uckermark/Brandenburg). Bachelorarbeit, Technische Universität Berlin. [Supervisor GFZ: K. Kaiser/WVB]

Wilken, F. (2017): Monitoring and modeling of soil organic carbon redistribution in small agricultural catchments in the Uckermark region, Germany. Dissertation, Brandenburgische Technische Universität Cottbus-Senftenberg. [Supervisor GFZ: R. Hüttl/WVB]


Baur, J. (2016): Vergleich gemessener und modellierter Regenenergie – Unsicherheiten im grundlegenden Antrieb der Bodenerosion. Bachelorarbeit, Universität Augsburg. [Arbeit mit Nutzung der TERENO-NO-Infrastruktur im Quillow-EZG]

Breitbach, C. (2016): Geowissenschaftliche Prospektion frühholozäner Baumreste im Giesenschlagsee (Mecklenburgische Seenplatte). Diplomarbeit, Universität Potsdam. [Supervisor GFZ: K. Kaiser/WVB]

Dräger, N. (2016): Holocene climate and environmental variability in NE Germany inferred from annually laminated lake sediments. Dissertation, Universität Potsdam. [Supervisor GFZ: A. Brauer/5.2]

Klos, F. (2016): Kolluvien und Paläoböden im Umfeld des Tiefen Sees bei Hohengüstow (Uckermark) und des Tiefen Sees bei Klocksin (Mecklenburg) als Indikatoren der historischen Bodenerosion. Masterarbeit, Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg. [Supervisor GFZ: K. Kaiser/WVB]

Knuhr, K. (2016): Dendroklimatologische Untersuchungen an Fichten in Süddeutschland. Masterarbeit, Universität Potsdam. [Supervisor GFZ: I. Heinrich/5.2]


Fleischer, F. (2015): Räumliche Variabilität von Kronendurchlass in verschiedenen Beständen des Müritz-Nationalparks. Bachelorarbeit, Martin-Luther Universität Halle-Wittenberg. [Supervisor GFZ: J. Dreibrodt/5.4]


Keller, N. (2014): Die Entwicklung der Mittleren Havel im Jungholozän: Wasserstände und Beziehungen zur Besiedlung. Diplomarbeit, Universität Marburg. [Betreuung GFZ: K. Kaiser/CGR]

Müller, V. (2014): Landschaftsgeschichtliches Potenzial von Boden-Sediment-Sequenzen am Hinnensee, Müritz-Nationalpark. Diplomarbeit, TU Dresden. [Betreuung GFZ: E. Dietze/5.2]



Czymzik, M. (2013): Mid- to Late Holocene flood reconstruction from two varved sediment profiles of pre-alpine Lake Ammersee (southern Germany). Dissertation, Universität Potsdam. [Betreuung GFZ: A. Brauer/5.2]

Graventein, H. (2013): Geomorphologische und sedimentologisch-bodenkundliche Befunde zur Paläohydrologie des Großen Fürstenseer Sees im Müritz-Nationalpark (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern). Diplomarbeit, Universität Marburg. [Betreuung GFZ: K. Kaiser/CGR]

Heupel, K. (2013): Ein Algorithmus zur Selektion optimaler Rapid-Eye Daten zur Unterscheidung von Bodenarten in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Bachelorarbeit, Humboldt-Universität Berlin  [Betreuung GFZ: S. Itzerott/1.4]

Klinke, R. (2013): Erfassung von Fruchtarten aus RapidEye Zeitreihendaten im Vergleich verschiedener Klassifikationsverfahren. Diplomarbeit, Universität Potsdam [Betreuung GFZ: S. Itzerott/1.4]

Knorr, A. (2013): Klimasignale in Jahrring- und Zellparametern von Pinus sylvestris in Nord-Polen: Parametervergleich und mehrhundertjährige Rekonstruktion. Diplomarbeit, Universität Potsdam. [Betreuung GFZ: I. Heinrich/5.2]

Pohlmann, S. (2013): Dynamische Klima-Wachstumsverhältnisse entlang eines Bodenfeuchtegradienten am Beispiel von Jahrringbreiten- und Zellmessungen der Eiche am Großen Fürstenseer See im Müritz-Nationalpark (Mecklenburg-Vorpommern). Diplomarbeit, Humboldt-Universität Berlin. [Betreuung GFZ: I. Heinrich/5.2]

Pritzkow, C. (2013): Vergleich der röntgendensitometrischen und der holzanatomischen Holzdichtebestimmung anhand von Zellstrukturmessungen in Pinus sylvestris. Masterarbeit, Universität Potsdam. [Betreuung GFZ: I. Heinrich/5.2]

Spengler, D. (2013): Charakterisierung von Getreidearten aus hyperspektralen Fernerkundungsdaten auf der Basis von 3D-Bestandsmodellen. Dissertation, Technische Universität Berlin. [Betreuung GFZ: H. Kaufmann/1.4]

Steinberg, A. (2013): Determination of real thermal inertia by using multi-temproal thermal remote sensing data. Bachelorarbeit, Universität Potsdam. [Betreuuung GFZ: H. Kaufmann, D. Spengler/1.4]

Stender, V. (2013): Aufbau einer Dateninfrastruktur für Sensordaten im Umweltmonitoringsystem TERENO Nordost. Masterarbeit, Hochschule Anhalt. [Betreuung GFZ: J. Klump/CeGIT]



Dreibrodt, J. (2012): Groundwater modeling at Lake Fürstensee ( Mecklenburg-Vorpommern). Masterarbeit, Universität Göttingen. [Betreuung GFZ: T. Blume/5.4]

Koch, P. (2012): Seespiegeldynamik in Nordostdeutschland im Bereich der mecklenburgischen-brandenburgischen Seenplatte: Trends, Ursachen, Auswirkungen. Diplomarbeit, Universität Marburg. [Betreuung GFZ: K. Kaiser/CGR]

Tillack, A. (2012): Estimation of seasonal leaf area index in an alluvial forest using high resolution satellite-based vegetation indices. Masterarbeit, Technische Universität Berlin. [Betreuung GFZ: A. Clasen/1.4]



Pieper, H. (2011): Der Einfluss von Vulkanausbrüchen auf das Wachstum mitteleuropäischer Bäume in Nordostdeutschland während des letzten Millenniums. Diplomarbeit, Universität Potsdam.  [Betreuung GFZ: I. Heinrich/5.2]



Dreibrodt, J. (2010): Historische hydrologische Veränderungen im Einzugsgebiet des Großen Fürstenseer Sees bei Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern. Bachelorarbeit, Universität Potsdam. [Betreuung GFZ: A. Brauer/5.2]

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