Helmholtz Centre Potsdam
GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
Abstract (EDOC: 11615)
During the Kenya Rift International Seismic Project (KRISP 90) a 450-km east-west seismic profile was shot across the rift in the vicinity of the Equator. Reflectivity modelling of some of the P- and S-phases combined with results derived from the ray-trace forward model enable more information to be extracted from the data set. The Pg phase at the western end of the profile required a different velocity-depth gradient in the Archaean and the Proterozoic terranes crossed by the profile. This, combined with structural and seismic velocity differences derived from the forward model, provides the means for the two units to be distinguished throughout the whole crust. A phase in the PmP coda from shot points within the rift has been successfully modelled as a PmP multiple reflected from the base of or from within the rift infill. The clearest S-phase on the cross-rift profile, SmS, has been reproduced by reflectivity modelling and compared to the same phase from the KRISP 90 flank line: combining these observations with the results from the spectral analysis of the principal P- and S-phases observed from all the shot points on the cross-rift profile supports the contention that most of the seismic attenuation occurs immediately beneath the rift in the upper crust or in the rift infill, with little attenuation occurring in the lower crust.
(1997): Further remarks on the interpretation of the KRISP 90 cross-rift line. Tectonophysics, 278, 1-4, 273-290.