Helmholtz Centre Potsdam
GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
Abstract (EDOC: 9156)
The central Andes have formed by the complex interaction of subduction-related and tectonic processes on a lithospheric scale. The deep structure of the entire mountain range and underlying subduction zone has been investigated by passive and active seismological experiments. Detailed tomographic features are interpreted to represent the ascent paths of fluid and melts in the subduction zone and provide new insights about the mechanisms of lithospheric deformation. Receiver functions from teleseismic events have been used to observe the upper-plate continental Moho and subducted oceanic Moho, as well as the interaction of subducted oceanic lithosphere and mantle discontinuities. A second working area was established in the southern Andes to compare two different types of Andean subduction and to identify the principal controlling parameters. Besides the first accurate definition of the Wadati-Benioff zone in south-central Chile, a three-dimensional, tomographic velocity model based on local earthquakes in the southern Andes is presented.
(2006): Seismological Studies of the Central and Southern Andes. - In: Oncken, O.; Chong, G.; Franz, G.; Giese, P.; Götze, H.-J.; Ramos, V. A.; Strecker, M. R.; Wigger, P. (Eds.), The Andes - Active Subduction Orogeny, Springer, 443-457.