Helmholtz Centre Potsdam
GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
Abstract (EDOC: 2692)
Oceanic bottom pressure is affected by mass redistribution in the ocean and atmosphere, and it influences gravity field determinations by the new satellite missions CHAMP, GRACE and GOCE from seasonal up to shortperiod timescales. Thus, mass redistribution in the ocean needs to be accounted for to obtain the mean gravity field. With the Hamburg ocean model for circulation and tides (OMCT), timedependent oceanic bottom pressure fields are calculated using atmospheric fluxes of momentum, heat and freshwater from ECHAM3 realtime simulations. The resulting bottom pressure fields are expanded in gravity field spherical harmonic coefficients as a function of time. The temporal resolution is 5 days for extracting annual and semiannual amplitudes and 6 hr for studying highfrequency variations. In order to estimate the influence of oceanic mass variations on gravity field determination, degree variance spectra of simulated bottom pressure are calculated and compared with the expected error spectra of space missions. Furthermore, variations in geoid height N from the modelled Stokes coefficients are illustrated. The numerical results suggest that oceaninduced longwavelength gravity variations become detectable with the CHAMP and GRACE gravity missions.
(2001): Simulation of oceanic bottom pressure for gravity space missions. Geophysical Journal International, 147, 2, 428-434.