Helmholtz Centre Potsdam
GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
Abstract (EDOC: 17078)
At a test site consisting of a storage pond and connected artificial aquifer, the long-time behaviour of gadopentetic acid (Gd-DTPA) was compared with the classic tracer bromide (Br–) in a 70-day dual-tracer experiment. The mixed tracer solution was injected into the oligotrophic pond, which is separated from the aquifer by an infiltration bank. The water drained from the aquifer was returned to the pond together with additional fresh groundwater, causing reduced concentrations of Gd-DTPA and Br– in the system. Transmetallation of Gd-DTPA by rare earth elements and yttrium was negligible but Cu2+ and Ni2+ might have played a role. Adsorption and/or biodegradation of Gd-DTPA were negligible. The decline of Gd-DTPA/Br ratios by 18% in the pond over 68 days was caused by reversible sorption of Br– in the aquifer, which caused variation of Br– background. Thus, Br– behaves less conservatively than Gd-DTPA in the aquifer. Comparison of both proves the suitability of Gd-chelates as tracers in hydrological studies. The advantage of Gd-DTPA as a tracer is that natural Gd3+ in water can continuously be monitored by analysing the suite of naturally occurring rare-earth elements. Thus, stable organic Gd-chelates are determinable with high precision at very low concentrations.
(2011): Comparison of gadopentetic acid (Gd-DTPA) and bromide in a dual-tracer field experiment. Hydrogeology Journal, 19, 4, 823-843.