Helmholtz Centre Potsdam
GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
Abstract (EDOC: 15259)
Seismic wide-angle data were collected along a 40-km-long profile centered at the geothermal research well GrSk 3/90 in the Northeast German Basin. Tomographic inversion of travel time data provided a velocity and a vertical velocity gradient model, indicative of Cenozoic to Pre- Permian sediments. Wide-angle reflections are modelled and interpreted as top Zechstein and top Pre-Permian. Changes in velocity gradients are interpreted as the transition from mechanical to chemical compaction at 2-3 km depth, and localized salt structures are imaged, suggesting a previously unknown salt pillow in the southern part of the seismic profile. The Zechstein salt shows decreased velocities in the adjacent salt pillows compared to the salt lows, which is confirmed by sonic log data. This decrease in velocity could be explained by the mobilization of less dense salt, which moved and formed the salt pillows, whereas the denser salt remained in 2 place at the salt lows. We interpret a narrow sub-vertical low velocity zone under the salt pillow at GrSk 3/90 as a fault in the deep Permian to Pre-Permian. This WNW-ESE trending fault influenced the location of the salt tectonics and led to the formation of a fault-bounded graben in the Rotliegend sandstones with optimal mechanical conditions for geothermal production. Thermal modeling showed that salt pillows are related to chimney effects, a decrease in temperature, and increasing velocity. The assumed variations in salt lithology, density, and strain must thus be even higher to compensate the temperature effect.
(2010): Tomographic P-wave velocity and vertical velocity gradient structure across the geothermal site Gross Schoenebeck (NE German Basin): Relationship to lithology, salt tectonics, and thermal structure. Journal of Geophysical Research, Vol. 115, B08312.