Helmholtz Centre Potsdam
GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
Abstract (EDOC: 13133)
Fayalite granitoids of the Cobquecura Pluton, Central Chile, occur in an active continental margin setting, which is unusual for such rocks. They are closely associated with gabbros, and both lithologies contain hercynite-rich, Fe-rich metapelitic xenoliths. The primitive magmas of the Cobquecura Pluton are derived from amafic source, similar to the regional subarc subcontinental mantle. Sr–Nd–Pb isotope data demonstrate that crustal contributions were important in the petrogenesis of the fayalite granitoids. The crustal contribution, however, does not consist of rocks similar to the regionally exposed Paleozoic basement rocks, but rather resembles partial melts derived from metapelitic rocks at depth. The corresponding restites are the hercynite-rich xenoliths. A relatively high content of rare earth elements and high field strength elements in the fayalite granitoids is linked to selective assimilation of crust. This is evident from the abundant xenoliths that are entrained in the fayalite granitoids, and whose leucosomes are rich in accessory minerals carrying these elements. Such Fe-rich rocks similar to the hercynite-rich xenoliths could have acted as a chemical buffer keeping the oxygen fugacity low, which is crucial for the generation of fayalite bearing granitoids.
(2009): Origin of fayalite granitoids: New insights from the Cobquecura Pluton, Chile, and its metapelitic xenoliths. Lithos, 110, 1-4, 181-198.