Helmholtz Centre Potsdam
GFZ German Research Centre for Geosciences
Abstract (EDOC: 11370)
In three field campaigns between the years 2000 and 2004 geophysical measurements were conducted in the Ejina Basin, NW China. Research work in the year 2004, which is described in this paper, was concentrated on the Gurinai Structure (101°25´E, 41°N) situated in the southeeastern part of the Ejina Basin in transition to the dune fields of the Badain Jaran Shamo. On satellite images the Gurinai Structure can be identified by two almost 100km long, subparallel, N-S-striking lineaments, which may indicate tectonic deformations of late Quaternary sediments. To get a coherent picture of the structure a geophysical survey employing three electromagnetic methods - magnetotellurics (MT), transient electromagnetics (TEM), and geoelectrics (DC) - has been conducted to map the subsurface resistivity at different depth scales. The geophysical data interpretation for shallow and intermediate depth down to a few hundred meters links the subsurface distribution of electric resistivity to geomorphological units known from field work in reference with satellite images. The westerly lineament of the Gurinai Structure coincides with a subvertical change in electric resistivity. Together with geomorphological indications from fieldwork and the analysis of elevation data (SRTM), a tectonic deformation of unconsolidated sediments along a fault with an extensional component is interpreted. In the central and eastern part of the Gurinai Structure a shallow resistive subsurface layer can be traced into the first dunes of the Badain Jaran Shamo. This resistive subsurface layer is linked to the presence of fresh water, indicating infiltration from the dune field. Also, in the eastern part of the Gurinai Structure a resistive, approximately ENE-striking feature can be seen at intermdediate depth, which is interpreted as a crystalline basement ridge. Towards the southern margin of the Gurinai Structure a trough-shaped unit with low resistivities and a thickness of about 1km is identified and can be explained by a sediment package saturated with fluids of high salinity or substantial amounts of clay. The strike direction of the structure can be connected to the regional pattern of tectonic faults and seismicity. The interpretation of electromagnetic data at various depth scales contributes to the general understanding of the Ejina Basin´s buildup and tectonic setting in the vicinity of the Gurinai Structure.
(2007): Electromagnetic and geoelectric investigation of the Gurinai Structure, Innder Mongolia, NW China. Tectonophysics, 445, 1-2, 26-48.