The western Bohemian Massif is known for geodynamic phenomena such as earthquake swarms, CO2 dominated free gas emanations of upper-mantle origin, and Tertiary/ Quaternary volcanism. Among other explanations, a small-scale mantle plume has been suggested. We used data from the international passive seismic experiment BOHEMA (2001–2004) and of a previous seismic experiment to investigate the structure of the upper-mantle discontinuities at 410 km and 660 km depth (the ‘410’ and the ‘660’) beneath the Bohemian Massif with the P receiver function method. More than 4500 high-quality receiver function traces could be utilized.
Two stacking techniques were used: stacking by station (common station method, CSM) and stacking by piercing points in the mantle transition zone (common conversion point method, CCM). Since the station spacing is very close, rays from different stations have similar piercing points in the mantle transition zone. Therefore CCM is sensitive in the transition zone and CSM is sensitive to the uppermost structure of the mantle. The CSM shows delayed conversion times from the 410 km discontinuity beneath the western Bohemia earthquake region, which indicate a slow uppermost mantle. When stacking our data by CCM, we observe thickening of the transition zone towards the Alpine foreland, which agrees with tomographic results by Piromallo and Morelli. The thickness of the mantle transition zone beneath the western Bohemian Massif is normal, with a faint hint to thinning in the northern part.
Our conclusion is that a plume-like structure may exist in the upper mantle below the western Bohemia earthquake region, but with no or only weak imprint on the 410 km discontinuity.
(2011): Receiver function search for a baby plume in the mantle transition zone beneath the Bohemian Massif
. Geophysical Journal International