Seismicity in the Middle East. Large earthquakes from 1000 to 1900 are given as red dots together with their estimated magnitude. Large earthquakes from 1900 to 2004 are given as stars (including year and magnitude). Seismicity from 1984 to 2004 is given as small white circles. The dashed red lines indicate the major faults. The white arrows show the 105 km displacement of the Arabian plate (right) relative to the African plate (left) in the last 20 MY. The DESERT profile is given in blue.