Section 1.1: GPS/Galileo Earth Observation
Head of Section: Prof. Dr. Harald Schuh
Satellite navigation nowadays is integral part of everydays life just as mobile telecommunication or internet. But the precise analysis of the satellite signals not only provides precise information on positions and velocities, which can be used for navigation. Already in the 80ties the potential of the globally and continuously available navigation satellite signals for various geoscientific applications was recognized. The vision of our work in section 1.1 is to understand the GPS, GLONASS and future Galileo navigation satellite systems as powerful tools for Geosciences and to optimally exploit their potential for the observation of the complex System Earth. The diversity of our scientific activities reaches from precise monitoring of continental plates movement with sub-mm/year accuracy, over regional and global atmospheric and ionospheric sounding up to the monitoring of water and ice surfaces and investigations related to future satellite based Tsunami early warning systems. In addition we also adapt, together with partners from industry, navigation satellite receivers for geoscientific applications.