Abstract (EDOC: 5696)
Milke et al. (Contrib Mineral Petrol 142: 15-26, 2001) studied the diffusion of Si, Mg and O in synthetic polycrystalline enstatite reaction rims. The reaction rims were grown at 1000°C and 1 GPa at the contacts between forsterite grains with normal isotopic compositions and a quartz matrix extremely enriched in 18O and 29Si. The enstatite reaction rim grew from the original quartz-forsterite interface in both directions producing an inner portion, which replaced forsterite and an outer portion, which replaced quartz. Here we present new support for this statement, as the two portions of the rim are clearly distinquished based on crystal orientation mapping using electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD). Milke et al. (2001) used the formalism of LeClaire (1963) to derive the coefficient of silicon grain boundary diffusion from stable isotope profiles across the reaction rims. LeClaire's formalism is designed for grain boundary tracer diffusion into an infinite half space with fixed geometry. A fixed geometry is an undesired limitation in the context of rim growth. We suggest an alternative model, which accounts for simultaneous layer growth and superimposed silicon and oxygen self diffusion. The effective silicon bulk diffusivity obtained from our model is approximately equal within both portions of the enstatite reaction rim: D eff Si,En= 1.0 to 4.3x10 -16 m2 s-1. The effective oxygen diffusivity is relatively slow in the inner portion of the reaction rim, D eff O,En= 0.8 to 1.4x10 -16 m2 s-1, and comparatively fast, D eff O,En= 5.9 to 11.6x10 -16 m2 s-1, in its outer portion. Microstructural evidence suggests that transient porosity and small amounts of fluid were concentrated at the quartz-enstatite interface during rim growth. This leads us to suspect that the presence of an aqueous fluid in the outer portion of the reaction rim accelerated oxygen diffusion. In contrast, silica diffusion does not appear to have been affected by the spatial variation in the availability of an aqueous fluid.
(2004): Silicon and oxygen self-diffusion in enstatite polycrystals: the Milke et al. (2001) rim growth experiments revisited. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 147, 6, 633-646.