The main goal is to contribute to the understanding of tsunami processes in the Euro-Mediterranean region, to the tsunami hazard, vulnerability and risk assessment, and to identifying the best strategies for reduction of tsunami risk.
The seismicity of the Middle East is characterised by a large number of damaging earthquakes coupled to the Dead Sea Transform Fault (DSTF) and other regional tectonic faults. The project - DESIRE (DEad Sea Integrated REsearch Project) will concentrate on the Dead Sea Basin as the central part of the Dead Sea Transform Fault (DSTF).
Seismic hazard has traditionally been assessed at a national level in Europe. In the frame of NERIES Section 2.6 has the intension to update a unified earthquake catalogue up to present time and develop techniques and infrastructure to re-compute the hazard maps automatically whenever new significant data become available.
Seismic Hazard and Seismic Risk for Europe
The Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program (GSHAP) was launched in 1992 by the International Lithosphere Program (ILP) with the support of the International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU), and endorsed as a demonstration program in the framework of the United Nations International Decade for Natural Disaster Reduction (UN/IDNDR).
The seismic hazard assessment for the D-A-CH countries (Germany D, Austria A, and Switzerland CH) started in 1993 as an initiative from the GFZ Potsdam. The D-A-CH countries became then the test area for the Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program (GSHAP) activities at the GSHAP Regional Centre - chaired by G. Grünthal - at the GFZ Potsdam.
Probability seismic hazard assessments were carried out, based on a joint earthquake catalogue for the study area and a common model of seismic source zones.
A selected set of 48 derived seismic hazard maps for the Lower Rhine Embayment was created, i.e. for different probability levels of exceedence, for different ground motion parameter and for different fractiles.
The IGCP project SESAME (Seismotectonic and Seismic Hazard Assessment of the Mediterranean Basin) was focussed on the extension of the uniform seismic source zone model derived within GSHAP for Europe north of the Mediterranean (GSHAP Regions 3 at the GFZ) to the south.