Within the Helmholtz Programme 'Geosystem: The Changing Earth', section 4.2 contributes to the topics Earth System Dynamics and Geohazards. The Paterson high-pressure-high-temperature apparatus, combined with new analytical tools, is used to obtain constitutive laws for the mechanics of the Earth´s lithosphere. The Anatolian Microplate is investigated within the Plate Boundary Observatory strategy. Within the subtopic Geohazards we contribute to the understanding of the Physics of Earthquakes.

Section 4.2