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News from GFZ

24.04.2017 | Forecasting magma movement through the crust

Assessing the hazard of volcanic eruptions requires knowledge on where exactly eruptive fissure will be located. Scientists from the Institut des Sciences de la Terre, France, and the GFZ have developed a method to forecast how fast a volcanic dike propagates through the crust and in which direction it will grow. Their study, published in the Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, was now distinguished as a “research spotlight” by the news platform EOS of the American Geophysical Union AGU. Like this, EOS honors “the best accepted articles” that were published in an AGU journal

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24.04.2017 | Personalia | Plinius Medal for Bruno Merz

24.04.2017: On this year’s annual meeting of the European Geosciences Union EGU, 24 to 29 April in Vienna, Bruno Merz, Head of the GFZ section Hydrology, is awarded with the Plinius Medal. Further GFZ awardees are XingXing Li, Dirk Scherler, Stefanie Tofelde, and Florian Ott.

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19.04.2017 | Report | ”Funny Signals” - Kristine Larson uses GPS data for detecting soil moisture and measuring volcanic ash plumes

By the help of GPS signals cars, airplanes and farm tractors find their way. By now the technique has reached our everyday life. But it is also useful for detecting soil moisture or vegetation from space and for measuring volcanic ash plume density to improve flight safety, hopefully. One of the pioneers of such new applications is Kristine Larson. Since 2016 she is Alexander von Humboldt Research Awardee and now works as a visiting scientist at the GFZ in section Space Geodetic Techniques.

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18.04.2017 | Diamonds log their travel to the depth

Microscopic inclusions have tremendous internal pressure – and witnessed an eventful past | Recently, a team from the Hebrew University Jerusalem and from the GFZ studied nanometer-sized inclusions in diamonds. Like a logbook, they record the travel of the diamonds to the base of the transition zone above the lower Earth´s mantle over millions of years. Now, this story is told by the team around the first author Oded Navon, Hebrew University Jerusalem, in the journal Earth and Planetary Science Letters.

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11.04.2017 | Personalia | Sofia-Katerina Kufner awarded for best presentation

On the 77th annual meeting of the Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft DGG, from 27 to 30 March in Potsdam, Sofia-Katerina Kufner, GFZ section Lithosphere Dynamics, was awarded with the Prize for the best presentation.

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05.04.2017 | Megathrust earthquakes trigger themselves – Mechanisms behind earthquake cycles at Chiles plate boundary discovered

When a phase of relative seismic quiescence of decades to centuries is followed by a short phase of strong seismic activity of several days or years, scientists refer to it as a megathrust earthquake cycle. A team of five GFZ scientists, a Chilean colleague, and first author Daniel Melnick from the University of Potsdam investigated the mechanisms behind these mega earthquake cycles at the Chilean plate boundary. The results, published in the scientific journal Geophysical Research Letters, are now distinguished as “research spotlight” by the news platform EOS of the American Geophysical Union AGU. Like this, EOS honors “the best accepted articles” that were published in an AGU journal.

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03.04.2017 | Interview | Harald Schuh: "We are close to the millimeter"

Geodesy is the science of surveying the Earth’s surface. But is there anything left to measure since the times of Magellan and Humboldt? We are talking about this question and about modern geodesy with Harald Schuh, Director of GFZ department Geodesy and Head of section Space Geodetic Techniques.

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