GFZ Satellite Missions


The distribution of the magnetic field strength at the Earth's surface (a) shows a zone of weakness above the southern Atlantic Ocean where the shielding effect of the magnetic field is significantly reduced. b) The distribution of the (radial) vertical flux density of the magnetic field at the boundary between Earth's core and the mantle at 2900 km depth allows conclusions about the processes occurring in the Earth's core. Red is positive, blue negative polarity. c) The change of the field strength from 1980 to 2010. (Image: GFZ)
Three-dimensional representation of the magnetic signal of the lithosphere in 100 km altitude. The pronounced protrusion is the Kursk magnetic anomaly. It generates the strongest signal in satellite altitude, and can be associated with the iron ore with the same name in Russia. Also prominent is the Bangui anomaly produced in Central Africa, while its origin is still unclear. (Image: GFZ)
The magnetic field Model "GAMMA" using all available aeromagnetic data. It shows a detail of a global map of the lithosphere field, which contributed to the first digital map of the world magnetic anomalies (World Digital Magnetic Anomaly Map, WDMAM). It shows some significant anomalies in Africa. (Image: GFZ)
SWARM constellation (Image: ESA/AOES Medialab)
Distribution of air density at an altitude of 400 km (Unit: 10-12 kg/m3). The highest density is found along two bands north and south of the magnetic equator, which is shown as a black line. (Image: GFZ)
Earth's magnetic field - a window to Earth's core. (Image: GFZ)
Distribution of the magnetic fields generated by ocean tides. The situation shown is during full moon over the Atlantic. (Image: GFZ)
SWARN in space (Image: Astrium/Airbus Defence and Space)
SWARM in space (Image: Astrium/Airbus Defence and Space)
SWARM in space (Image: Astrium/Airbus Defence and Space)
Launch-event of SWARM on November 22th 2013 (Image: GFZ)
Launch-event of SWARM on November 22th 2013 (Image: GFZ)


GRACE-FO (Image: Astrium)
GRACE-FO (Image: Astrium)
Ice mass and isostasy (Image: GFZ)
Time series of mass changes in Greenland (Image: GFZ)
Geoid height change (Image: GFZ)
Grace satellites (Image: Astrium/GFZ)
Twin-satellites GRACE with the earth's gravity field (Image: Astrium/GFZ)
Anomalies of the Earth gravity field (Image: A. Helm, GFZ)
Observations of the GRACE satellites show the seasonal fluctuations in the global water regime (Image: GFZ)
Changes in continental water storage (Image: GFZ)
Grace satellite (Image: GFZ)


Earth Survey Satellite GOCE (Image: Astrium GmbH / Mathias Pikelj)


Covering of the COSMOS rocket tip (Image: Astrium)
GeoResearch-Satellite CHAMP (Image: GFZ, NASA Bildarchiv, T. Althaus)
GeoResearch-Satellite CHAMP (Image: GFZ)
CHAMP temperature profile (Image: GFZ)
CHAMP humidity profile (Image: GFZ)
CHAMP/GPS-Okkultation measuring (Image: GFZ)
Magnetic field of the earth (Image: GFZ)
CHAMP in the start configuration (Image: F. Ossing, GFZ)
CHAMP in the start configuration (Image: Ralf Bock, GFZ)


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